Date 8 February 2013 Friday 10:00AM
Location : Sri Aman, Lupar River
A male Nannophya pygmaea found in Sri Aman beside a road dranage in March 2013. Together with this one are few other male in the same corner of drain. All perching on tall grasses above water.
No female were seen that morning.
Nannophya pygmaea easily the smallest anisopteran in the region and one of the smallest in the world.
Nannophya pygmaea, also known as the Scarlet Dwarf, Northern Pygmyfly, or Tiny Dragonfly
Belong to the family Libellulidae, native from Southeast Asia to China and Japan, occasionally found south to Australia.
This is the smallest true dragonfly in Borneo Island and one of the smallest in the world. In males, the hindwing is 12 to 13 mm in length and the total body length ranges from 16 to 17 mm.
Widespread, but local, in tropical and subtropical Asia from Nepal and North-east India in the west of Japan and New Guinea in the east.
Found in open grassy swamps and inlets of reservoirs and abandoned paddy fields
The Largest Species
body length = 17.5mm
|This species being the smallest of the
dragonflies, with a recorded wingspan of only 20 mm (3/4 in).
This dragonfly of Borneo at left is slightly larger
Hind Wing Span : 26mm
Hong Kong record : 20mmX15mm
Singapore record : 27mmX17mm
Dr. Orr record : 26mm X
|The wing base is tinted with amber.|
The male has a red thorax and abdomen. Its eyes are red on top and dark brown below, with a sharp line of delineation. In the female, the dorsum of the thorax is black. The abdomen has transverse bands of brown and white. The eyes are light brown on top and olive green below. The immature male is yellowish brown in colour.
The mature male is almost entire red particularly on its eyes and body.
The immature males is yellowish
brown in colour. The female's abdomen has bands of brown