Updated on 9-5-2011 7:33AM

Praying mantis

螳螂目(大螳螂、小螳螂、 寬腹螳螂、微翅跳螳螂、樹皮螳螂、花螳螂、姬螳螂、)


Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Mantodea
Family: Acanthopidae
Family: Amorphoscelidae
Family: Empusidae
Family: Eremiaphilidae
Family: Hymenopodidae
Family: Iridopterygidae
Family: Liturgusidae
Family: Mantidae
Family: Sibyllidae
Family: Tarachodidae
Family: Thespidae

Praying mantis
 
 

Praying mantis
 
 

Praying mantis
 
 

Praying mantis
More about this female praying mantis
 

Praying mantis
 
 


Most of the roughly 1,800 species of mantis-often called praying mantises-spend their time sitting and waiting, seemingly at prayer. These highly skilled hunters and masters of disguise have fascinated humans for thousands of years; the ancient Greeks first used the term mantis, meaning “prophet.”

At first glance the animals, with their strong hind legs, resembled grasshoppers. But they lacked wings, which most grasshoppers have. Their front legs were studded with thorns, like those that praying mantis use to capture and hold their prey as they eat them alive. But the heads and hind legs of these baffling insects were clearly different from those of a mantis. From above they looked almost like plant-eating walkingsticks. Yet their second body segment was too short for a walkingstick, and their guts contained body parts from other insects, proof of carnivore.


A Mantis feeding on a Common House Fly

Mantis (the plural form of Mantis) prey on other insects. Being a carnivorous insect, the mantis feeds on other insects. It is common for larger mantis species to prey on small lizards, frogs, baby birds, snakes, and even rodents.

To capture a prey, mantis use their camouflage to blend in with the surroundings and wait for the prey to be within striking range then use the raptorial front legs snatch the victim.

Mantises are notable for their hunting abilities. They are exclusively predatory with a diet consists of living insects, including flies and aphids. Most mantises are ambush predators, waiting for prey to stray near then lashes out at remarkable speed.

Mantis have a varied natural diet, including beetles, butterflies, spiders, crickets, grasshoppers, small frogs, small lizards, mice.


(螳螂目 Mantodea)台灣已知2科11屬20種  

(螳螂科Mantidae)(螳科) 台灣已知9屬16種    -10

(一) 昆蟲的分類:動物界→節肢動物門→昆蟲綱→螳螂目→螳螂科
(二)螳螂科:俗稱螳螂,生活史為卵→若蟲→成蟲,屬於漸進變態昆蟲。
若蟲蛻皮7次為成蟲,身體狹長,頭部呈倒三角形,複眼大突出,觸角絲狀細長,具咀嚼式口器,肉食性。前腳脛節發達具銳利的齒狀刺呈鎌刀狀,通稱「捕足腳」善於捕捉獵物。腹部末端具2根短尾絲, 產卵管不突出。卵囊呈海綿狀附於植物上叫「螵蛸」。全世界螳螂目有9科2000多種,台灣已知17種。
 

(螳螂科Mantidae)(大刀螳屬Tenodera ) 台灣已知本屬4種

Tenodera aridifolia(普)
大螳螂
(1)
 
體長70-95mm‧本屬4種

Tenodera sp.(普)
大螳螂
(2)
本屬4種

Tenodera aridifolia(普)
大螳螂交尾
(1)

Tenodera aridifolia(普)
大螳螂產卵
(1)

那純真無邪的臉龐(普)

夜晚出現的螳螂

跟大家開一個玩笑

 Podagrion sp.
螳小蜂與螳螂

   

殘而不廢的昆蟲

大螳螂孵化  

(螳螂科Mantidae)(斧螳屬Hierodula  台灣已知本屬4種

Hierodula bipapilla(普)
寬腹螳螂(雌)
(3)
體長50-70 mm本屬4種

Hierodula bipapilla(普)
寬腹螳螂(雄)
(3)
體長50-70 mm本屬4種

腹螳螂孵化(3)

Hierodula bipapilla(普)
螳螂的捕捉
足(3)

Hierodula formosana(普)
台灣寬腹螳螂(雄)
(4)
體長87 mm本屬4種

Hierodula formosana(普)
台灣寬腹螳螂(雄)
(4)
Hierodula formosana(普)
台灣寬腹螳螂
(4)
同左‧腹面(雄)

Hierodula formosana(普)
台灣寬腹螳螂(變異)
(4)

      

(螳螂目 Mantodea)(螳螂科Mantidae)(汚斑螳屬Statilia   )台灣已知本屬2種

Statilia maculata(普)
小螳螂
(5)
體長45-65 mm本屬2種

Statilia maculata(普)
小螳螂(交尾)(5)(普)
本屬2種

Statilia maculata(普)
小螳螂(卵囊)(5)(普)
本屬2種

螵蛸遭黑翅細蟴獵食

(螳螂目 Mantodea)(螳螂科Mantidae)(微翅螳Amantis  )台灣已知本屬1種

 
Amantis nawai (普)
微翅跳螳螂(雌)(6)

體長14.5mm本屬1種

Amantis nawai (普)
微翅跳螳螂(雄)
(6)
本屬1種

Amantis nawai (普)
微翅跳螳螂(雄)
(6)
Amantis nawai (普)
微翅跳螳螂(卵囊)
(6)

(螳螂目 Mantodea)(螳螂科Mantidae)(樹皮螳 Theopompula  )台灣已知本屬1種

Theopompula ophthalmica(少)
樹皮螳螂(7)
體長45-50mm本屬1種

Theopompula ophthalmica(少)
樹皮螳螂
(7)(少)
體長45-50mm本屬1種

Theopompula ophthalmica(少)
樹皮螳螂
(7)
體長45-50mm本屬1種

Theopompula ophthalmica(少)
樹皮螳螂展翅
(7)(少)
體長45-50mm本屬1種

(螂目 Mantodea)(螳螂科Mantidae)(奇葉螳Phyllothelys )台灣已知本屬1種

 

Phyllothelys werneri (少)
魏氏奇葉螳螂
(8)
體長 29-34 mm本屬1種

Phyllothelys werneri (少)
魏氏奇葉螳螂
(8)
體長 29-34 mm本屬1種

Phyllothelys werneri (少)
魏氏奇葉螳螂
(8)
體長 29-34 mm本屬1種
(花螳科 Hymenopodidae)台灣已知2屬4種

 

Odontomantis planiceps (普)
台灣花螳螂(9)
體長20-25mm
‧本屬1種

Odontomantis planiceps (普)
台灣花螳螂(9)
體長20mm
‧本屬1種

Odontomantis planiceps(普)
台灣花螳螂(若蟲)(9)
本屬1種

 Acromantis formosana(少)
台灣姬螳螂(雌)(10)

體長30-35mm‧本屬3種

   

 Acromantis formosana(少)
台灣姬螳螂(雄)(10)

體長36mm‧本屬3種

 Acromantis formosana(少)
台灣姬螳螂(若蟲)(10)

體長30-35mm‧本屬3種

 
(螂目 Mantodea)各式各樣的螵蛸

寬腹螳螂的螵蛸

大螳螂的螵蛸 腹螳螂的螵蛸

 螳螂的若蟲

     

註:種類分布狀況,(普)表示普遍、(特)表示特有種或特有亞種、(少)表示不普遍、(稀)表示稀有種類、(新)表示新種、沒有學名或(?)(@)表示不確定的分類。


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INDEX : Insects   January 11, 2016 02:26:22 PM