Last Updated On : Wednesday, September 09, 2015 06:22:59 AM

Family Nephilidae (Orb-web Spiders)
絡新婦科
人面蜘蛛(斑絡新婦)


Genus :Nephilengys
L. Koch, 1872 (Pantropical)

Nephilengys malabarensis
Nephilengys malabarensis
Nephilengys malabarensis
Female
Nephilengys malabarensis Female
Nephilengys malabarensis


Female 12mm

7-6-2015 Niah Cave, Sarawak
 

Nephilengys malabarensis
Nephilengys malabarensis


Male ♂ 2.5mm

2015-09-04 BOMBALAI
 
     


 


 

 

Nephila pilipes


Nephila pilipes 斑絡新婦Nephila pilipes 斑絡新婦Nephila pilipes 斑絡新婦Nephila pilipes 斑絡新婦

Nephila pilipes 斑絡新婦
19-7-2009 BUKIT GEMOK

http://jeb.biologists.org/content/207/15/2631.full

Distribution: Malaysia, Singapore, Myanmar, Papua New Guinea, Sri Lanka, India, China, Japan, Northern Australia.

Nephila pilipes is a species of golden orb-web spider found in Japan, China, Taiwan, Singapore, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, India, Papua New Guinea, and Northern Australia.

This Golden Orb Weaver Spider produces the strongest web in the world.

Commonly found in primary and secondary forests and gardens. Females are large and grow to a body size of 30-50mm, with males growing to 56 mm.

The Nephila pilipes' web is vertical with a fine irregular mesh and not symmetrical, with the hub is usually nearer the top. Rather than egg sacks being hung in the web, a pit is dug which is then covered with plant debris or soil.

The first, second and fourth pairs of legs of juvenile females have dense hairy brushes, but as the spider matures these brushes disappear.
 


 Nephila人面蛛

Newly grouped as Nephilidae Family

(Formally grouped under 長腳蛛科Tetragnathidae)

The Nephilidae spider family has 75 described species in four genera.
They were formerly grouped in the families Araneidae and Tetragnathidae.
 

The group has only recently been raised to family level status. It includes the Australia's biggest spiders, the Golden Orb Weavers. They were formerly grouped in the families Araneidae and Tetragnathidae.

Unlike the spiders in Araneidae family which first wrap their prey in silk after capture and then bites it, spiders in this family bite the prey first and then wrap with silk
The Nephilidae are a spider family with 75 described species in four genera. They were formerly grouped in the families Araneidae and Tetragnathidae. The genus Singafrotypa was moved to Araneidae in 2002.

Four Genera :
Clitaetra Simon, 1889 (Africa, Madagascar, Sri Lanka)
Herennia Thorell, 1877 (South Asia, Australia)
Nephila Leach, 1815 (Pantropical)
Nephilengys L. Koch, 1872 (Pantropical)

 


Genus Herennia

Herennia is a genus of spiders in the Nephilidae family with Australasian distribution. 2 species have been known since the 19th century 9 new species were described in 2005. This genus are also called coin spiders.

While H. multipuncta is invasive and synanthropic, all other known species are endemic to islands.


Herennia agnarssoni Kuntner, 2005 Solomon Islands
Herennia deelemanae Kuntner, 2005 Borneo
Herennia etruscilla Kuntner, 2005 Java
Herennia gagamba Kuntner, 2005 Philippines
Herennia jernej Kuntner, 2005 Sumatra
Herennia milleri Kuntner, 2005 New Guinea, New Britain
Herennia multipuncta (Doleschall, 1859) India to China, Borneo, Sulawesi
Herennia oz Kuntner, 2005 Northern Territory
Herennia papuana Thorell, 1881 New Guinea
Herennia sonja Kuntner, 2005 Kalimantan, Sulawesi
Herennia tone Kuntner, 2005 Philippines
 

   

Herennia multipuncta

Herennia TAWAU

Herennia multipuncta

Female 13mm

1-11-2009 TAWAU PARK

Herennia multipuncta

Singapore


Nephila BOMBALAI

Nephila BOMBALAI

Male4mm

30-8-2009 BOMBALAI

Nephila pilipes
斑絡新婦
Hong Kong

Nephila antipodiana

 

Nephila antipodiana

unusual black color

Singapore


More about Malaysian spiders  September 09, 2015 06:22:59 AM

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