Last Updated On : Sunday, July 23, 2017 10:18:01 AM

GUIDE TO COMMON SPIDERS IN BORNEO ISLAND (Total 6 pages)
 

The number of spider species of Borneo is getting too large to list into just one page, so this long list is divided into following smaller manageable six parts:

Part 1 : Family : Salticidae - Running Spiders
            (PDF download)

Part 2 : Family Araneidae - Orb Web Spiders
            (PDF download)

Part 3 : Family Thomisidae - Crab Spiders
            (PDF download)

Part 4 : Family Theridiidae - Tangle web spider
            (PDF download)

Part 5 : Family Tetragnathidae - Big-jawed Spiders
            (PDF download)

Part 6 : All other minority spider families - New genus, less encountered species etc.. (PDF download)


Family Theridiidae
(tangle web spider)

These spiders make a littery web of intersecting mass of scaffold work with a central area consisting of a three-dimensional trellis of silk. If an insect crawls against the thread it will break and the prey will hang in the air awaiting the attack of the spider. Although they are small of size they are violent attackers and do not fear to attack much larger insects than themselves.

 

 

 

Family Theridiidae
Genus Theridion

 

 

 

Theridion zebrinum Female

Theridion zebrinum
Female
23-12-2014 CROCKER RANGE

 

 

 

 

Family Theridiidae
Genus Rhomphaea

 

 

 

Rhomphaea sp TBL Male 6mmRhomphaea sp TBL Female

Rhomphaea sp TBL
Male 6mm
Female 4.5mm
14-7-2015 TBL

 

 

 

 

 

 

Family Theridiidae
Genus Thwaitesia

 

 

 

Thwaitesia sp TBL

Thwaitesia sp TBL
Female 4.5mm
14-7-2015 TBL

 

 

 

 

Family Theridiidae
NEW GENUS

 

 

 

Family Theridiidae
Genus Dipoenura

 

 

 

Family Theridiidae
Genus Janula

 

 

 

Janula batman
Janula batman Yoshida & Koh, 2011 — Borneo

 

 

 

 

Family Theridiidae
Genus Argyrodes

 

 

 

Argyrodes sp BLACK
Argyrodes sp BLACK
Female
2013-05-30 TV HILL??
 

 

 

Argyrodes flavescensRed Silver Spider (Argyrodes flavescens)
Argyrodes flavescens
Sometimes mistaken as Argyrodes miniaceus
Female 3.5mm-5mm
8-7-2009 PUI YUK
 

 

 

Argyrodes bonadea
Silver Comb-Footed Spider
(easy confused with Argyrodes argentatus)

 

 

 

 

Family Theridiidae
Genus Parasteatoda

 

 

 

Achaearanea sp GEMOK
Achaearanea sp GEMOK
Parasteatoda mundula spiderling
Female ♀
6-7-2009 BUKIT GEMOK
 
Parasteatoda mundula

Parasteatoda mundula
Female 5mm
20-8-2015 TINAGAT BEACH

 

 

 

 

Family Theridiidae
Genus Latrodectus
commonly known as widow spiders

 
Latrodectus sp TINAGAT

Latrodectus sp TINAGAT
The Green Widow of Borneo
Female ♀ 10mm
21-8-2015 TINAGAT BEACH

 

 

 

 

Family Theridiidae
Genus Phoroncidia

 

 

 

Phoroncidia lygeana

Phoroncidia lygeana
Male 4.5mm
2015-09-05 BOMBALAI

 

 

 

Family Theridiidae
Genus Chrysso
 the hairs on the tip of the abdomen are blade-like

 

 

 

Chrysso sp VOCATIONAL

Chrysso sp VOCATIONAL
Female 2.5mm
2016-02-07 VOCATIONAL COLLEGE

 

 

 

Chrysso nigra

Chrysso nigra
Female 3mm+-
2016-02-06 VOCATIONAL COLLEGE

 

 

 

Chrysso sp BOMBALAI

Chrysso sp BOMBALAI
Female 3mm
2015-09-05 BOMBALAI

 
Chrysso sp TBL

Chrysso sp TBL
Female
22-8-2010 TBL

 

 

 

 

Family Theridiidae
Genus Brunepisinus

 
Brunepisinus selirong

Brunepisinus selirong
Female ♀10mm
2015-08-17 MALIAU RIVER

 

 
Arachnura GERGASSI
This large spider family Theridiidae (the tangle-web spiders, cobweb spiders and comb-footed spiders) is a diverse family includes over 2200 species in over 100 genera.

More spiders in Family Theridiidae


Brunepisinus selirongPhoroncidia lygeanaChrysso sp BOMBALAIParasteatoda mundulaLatrodectus sp TINAGAT


Family Theridiidae
Genus Latrodectus
commonly known as widow spiders

    Latrodectus sp TINAGAT
Latrodectus sp TINAGAT

Female ♀ 10mm
21-8-2015 TINAGAT BEACH
 

   

Family Theridiidae
寄居姬屬Argyrodes

Spiders of the genus Argyrodes (Theridiidae) are called dewdrop spiders, occur worldwide. They are best known as kleptoparasites because they steal other spider's prey. They invade and reside in their host's web even though they can spin their own webs.

However, the relationship can sometimes be commensal or even mutual since the dewdrop spider can feed on small trapped insects that are not eaten by the host.

Some species can even prey upon its host.

Many species are black with silvery markings. These spiders are relatively small.

This “dewdrop” spiders, with the abdomen a sharp peak and the tendency of the larger legs to be pointed forwards when the spider is at rest, is characteristic of Argyrodes species. It is also normal for this kind of spider to scavenge on the edge of the webs of large orb-weaving spider species
 

Argyrodes flavescens
8-7-2009 PUI YUK

Little Red Riding Hood (Argyrodes miniaceus)

Argyrodes flavescens
8-7-2009 PUI YUK

Argyrodes fissifrons

Singapore

Argyrodes flagellum
Singapore

Argyrodes bonadea銀腹寄居姬蛛(雌)
體長3mm

14-7-2009 SG TAWAU

Argyrodes fissifrons

Argyrodes fissifrons
裂額寄居姬蛛(雌)

19-7-2009 GUDANG 4

Argyrodes saganus

Taiwan

 


Family Theridiidae
Genus Brunepisinus

    Brunepisinus selirong

Brunepisinus selirong

Female ♀10mm
2015-08-17 MALIAU RIVER

   

Family : Theridiidae
Genus : Phoroncidia

 
Phoroncidia RED WHITE BAR
Orsima PORING
Phoroncidia lygeana

Orsima PORING

14-12-2009 PORING 

Phoroncidia lygeana
Phoroncidia lygeana

Male 4.5mm
2015-09-05 BOMBALAI
 

Family: Theridiidae
Genus: Chrysso

Chrysso nigra
Chrysso nigra

Female 3mm+-
2016-02-06 VOCATIONAL COLLEGE


 
Chrysso sp BOMBALAI
Chrysso sp BOMBALAI

Female ♀3mm
2015-09-05 BOMBALAI
 
Chrysso sp TBL
Chrysso sp TBL

Female

22-8-2010 TBL

Chrysso sp VOCATIONAL
Chrysso sp VOCATIONAL

Female ♀2.5mm
2016-02-07 VOCATIONAL COLLEGE
 
 

Family Theridiidae
Genus Parasteatoda


Family: Theridiidae (tangle web spider)
Genus: Achaearanea
Genus Achaearanea 希蛛屬
Parasteatoda ?
 

Achaearanea sp GUDANG

Achaearanea sp GUDANG

About 4mm

19-7-2009 GUDANG 4

 

Achaearanea TEA

Achaearanea sp TEA

14-12-2009 SABAH TEA GARDEN

 

Achaearanea sp GEMOK
Achaearanea sp GEMOK

 


Female ♀
6-7-2009 BUKIT GEMOK

 

 

姬蛛科
Family Theridiidae
(tangle web spider)

Theridiidae 球蛛科


Family: Theridiidae
Subfamily: Theridiinae
Genus: Theridion


 
    Theridion zebrinum Female

Theridion zebrinum
Female
23-12-2014 CROCKER RANGE

 

Theridion sp

Singapore


Genus : Rhomphaea

 


Rhomphaea GERGASSI

Rhomphaea GERGASSI

Female 10mm +-

31-8-2009 GERGASSI

 

Rhomphaea sp TBL
Rhomphaea sp TBL
Male 6mm
14-7-2015 TBL
 
Rhomphaea sp TBL Female
Rhomphaea sp TBL
Female 4.5mm
14-7-2015 TBL
 

Family: Theridiidae
Genus: Thwaitesia
Species: T. argentiopunctata
 

Sequined Spider
or
Australian Stained-Glass Mirror Spider (Thwaitesia argentiopunctata).
Thwaitesia argentiopunctata known as the sequined spider, mirror spider, or twin-peaked Thwaitesia is a species of spider found in all the states of Australia. Body length is around 3 millimetres (0.12 in) for males, 4 mm (0.16 in) for females.The abdomen is attractively patterned with cream, green, yellow and red.

These spiders, called mirror or sequined spiders, are all members of several different species of the thwaitesia genus, which features spiders with reflective silvery patches on their abdomen.
The scales look like solid pieces of mirror glued to the spider’s back, but they can actually change size depending on how threatened the spider feels. The reflective scales are composed of reflective guanine, which these and other spiders use to give themselves color.
 

Thwaitesia sp. TBL

 


1 Achaearanea
2 Achaearyopa
3 Achaeridion
4 Allothymoites
5 Ameridion
6 Anatea
7 Anatolidion
8 Anelosimus
9 Argyrodella
10
Argyrodes
11 Ariamnes
12 Asagena
13 Asygyna
14 Audifia
15 Bardala
16 Borneoridion
17 Brunepisinus
18 Cabello
19 Cameronidion
20 Canalidion
21 Carniella
22 Cephalobares
23 Cerocida
24 Chikunia
25 Chorizopella
26 Chrosiothes
27
Chrysso
28 Coleosoma
29 Coscinida
30 Craspedisia
31 Crustulina
32 Cryptachaea
33 Cyllognatha
34 Deelemanella
35 Dipoena
36 Dipoenata
37
Dipoenura
38 Echinotheridion
39 Emertonella
40 Enoplognatha
41 Episinus
42 Euryopis
43 Eurypoena
44 Exalbidion
45 Faiditus
46 Gmogala
47 Grancanaridion
48 Guaraniella
49 Hadrotarsus
50 Helvibis
51 Helvidia
52 Hentziectypus
53 Heterotheridion
54 Hetschkia
55 Histagonia
56 Icona
57 Jamaitidion
58
Janula
59 Kochiura
60 Landoppo
61 Lasaeola
62
Latrodectus
63 Macaridion
64 Magnopholcomma
65 Meotipa
66 Molione
67 Moneta
68 Montanidion
69 Nanume
70 Neopisinus
71 Neospintharus
72 Neottiura
73 Nesopholcomma
74 Nesticodes
75 Nipponidion
76 Nojimaia
77 Ohlertidion
78 Okumaella
79 Paidiscura
80
Parasteatoda
81 Paratheridula
82 Pholcomma
83
Phoroncidia
84 Phycosoma
85 Phylloneta
86 Platnickina
87 Proboscidula
88 Propostira
89 Pycnoepisinus
90
Rhomphaea
91 Robertus
92 Ruborridion
93 Rugathodes
94 Sardinidion
95 Selkirkiella
96 Sesato
97 Seycellesa
98 Simitidion
99 Spheropistha
100 Spinembolia
101 Spintharus
102 Steatoda
103 Stemmops
104 Stoda
105 Styposis
106 Takayus
107 Tamanidion
108 Tekellina
109 Theonoe
110
Theridion
111 Theridula
112
Thwaitesia
113 Thymoites
114 Tidarren
115 Tomoxena
116 Wamba
117 Wirada
118 Yaginumena
119 Yoroa
120 Yunohamella
121 Zercidium

Family Theridiidae NEW GENUS
 



Dipoenura Simon, 1909


Dipoenura aplustra Zhu & Zhang, 1997 — China
Dipoenura cyclosoides (Simon, 1895) — Sierra Leone, China, Laos
Dipoenura fimbriata Simon, 1909 — India, Vietnam, Krakatau
Dipoenura quadrifida Simon, 1909 — Vietnam

 

   
Dipoenura 2TUBERCLES
   



 


Janula Strand, 1932


Janula batman Yoshida & Koh, 2011 — Borneo
Janula bizona Yoshida & Koh, 2011 — Borneo
Janula bruneiensis Yoshida & Koh, 2011 — Borneo
Janula bubalis Yoshida & Koh, 2011 — Borneo
Janula triangularis Yoshida & Koh, 2011 — Singapore, Borneo
Janula triocellata Yoshida & Koh, 2011 — Borneo
Janula parva (Wunderlich, 2008) — Malaysia
 


Janula bicorniger (Simon, 1894) — Brazil
Janula bicornis (Thorell, 1881) — Queensland
Janula bicruciata (Simon, 1895) — Brazil
Janula bifrons (Thorell, 1895) — Myanmar
Janula erythrophthalma (Simon, 1894) — Panama, Lesser Antilles to Bolivia
Janula luteolimbata (Thorell, 1898) — Myanmar
Janula malachina (Simon, 1895) — Peru
Janula marginata (Thorell, 1898) — Myanmar
Janula modesta (Thorell, 1898) — Myanmar
Janula nebulosa (Simon, 1895) — Brazil, Paraguay
Janula ocreata (Simon, 1909) — Vietnam
Janula picta (Simon, 1895) — Singapore
Janula salobrensis (Simon, 1895) — Trinidad, Brazil, Guyana
Janula taprobanica (Simon, 1895) — Sri Lanka

    Janula batman    




 


More about Malaysian spiders  July 23, 2017 10:18:01 AM

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