Last Updated on Friday, 12 February, 2016 03:33:02 PM


狼蛛科
Family Lycosidae (Wolf Spiders)


Wolf spiders hunt at night. Usually brown and black, they may have longitudinal stripes. Wolf spiders are large and often seen under lights. They can be seen at night when their eyes reflect light from a flashlight, headlamp or car headlight.

Pond Wolf Spider Pardosa pseudoannulata is one of the most conspicuous wolf spiders. This spider form webbing only to provide daytime shelter, not to capture prey. Many wolf spider females carry their egg masses below their abdomens until after the eggs hatch. Young spiderlings cling to the mother’s abdomen for a short time after hatching.

Wolf spiders frequently enter homes and backyards but pose no danger to people. The family name are derived from the Greek word for wolf because to the spiders' hunting method of ambushing and running down its prey.

The family Lycosidae is a large family with a worldwide distribution represented by 96 genera and more than 3000 species. 28 genera and 159 species are known from Southern Africa. Most lycosids are free-running ground hunters with only a few living in burrows with trapdoors or living in a funnel-web.

Diagnostic characters
Colours ranging from dull yellowish brown to grey to almost black with broad bands over cephalothorax, abdomen usually with patterns; carapace: hairy, longer than wide and narrower and higher in cephalic region, fovea longitudinal. eyes: 8 in 3 rows (4:2:2), all dark coloured, of unequal size: anterior row with four small eyes, second row with two large eyes and third row with two eyes of intermediate size, situated on anterolateral surface of carapace, with a slightly backward glance; abdomen: oval, covered with dense setae; legs: usually strong, of moderate length with 3 claws.

Behaviour
Many species of wolf spiders hunt during the day, but some are nocturnal. When at rest they usually are found under stones or debris on the ground. They have good vision and their sense of touch is highly developed. Contrary to common belief, wolf spiders do not always run down their prey. Recent studies indicate that they tend towards a "sit-and-wait" strategy. Prey is grabbed with the chelicerae and a basket is formed around the prey with the legs before it is bitten by the chelicerae. The lycosid female carries her round or oval, often cream-coloured, egg cocoon attached to the spinnerets. The young spiderlings climb onto the mother's back after emerging from the egg cocoon and are carried about until their second moult. Some species of Pardosa, Pirata, and Wadicosa are semi-aquatic and are frequently found on the banks or stony beds of rivers and ponds. They are able to run with great agility on the surface of the water.


Genus Hygrolycosa

Pardosa sp MEROTAI XL

Hygrolycosa umidicola

Japan

Hygrolycosa umidicola

Japan

         

Family: Lycosidae
Genus: Pardosa

溝渠豹蛛
http://mushizuki.web.fc2.com/homepage/kumobox/1to10index/kumo4.html

 

Pardosa irretita Simon, 1886 — Thailand, Malaysia, Borneo
Pardosa laidlawi Simon, 1901 — Malaysia
Pardosa pinangensis (Thorell, 1890) — Malaysia, Sumatra
Pardosa rabulana (Thorell, 1890) — Malaysia, Sumatra, Java
Pardosa semicana Simon, 1885 — Sri Lanka, Malaysia, China
Pardosa pusiola (Thorell, 1891) — India to China and Java
Pardosa pseudoannulata (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906)
— Pakistan,Philippines, Java
Pardosa birmanica Simon, 1884
— Pakistan to China, Philippines, Sumatra
Pardosa sumatrana (Thorell, 1890) — India, China to Philippines, Sulawesi

 
Pardosa sp MEROTAI XL
Pardosa sp MEROTAI XL
Pardosa sp MEROTAI XL
New species found in 2014

Pardosa laura Karsch

Pardosa laura Karsch
溝渠豹蛛

Female  6.5mm

17-7-2009 MEROTAI

  

Pardosa astrigera

 Pardosa astrigera

14-12-2009 BCCM 


Pardosa birmanica

Female



Pardosa birmanica

Male

Pardosa laura Karsch

Pardosa laura Karsch
溝渠豹蛛
(
)

Male  5.5mm

16-7-2009 SG TAWAU 

Pardosa laura Karsch

Pardosa laura Karsch ?
溝渠豹蛛
(雌) ?

Female  4.5mm

16-7-2009 SG TAWAU  

Pond Wolf Spider
Pardosa pseudoannulata

Female

Japan

 



Pardosa pseudoannulata
 

Pirata sp.
狼蛛

FEMALE

1-10-2008 Merotai

 

 

Pond Wolf Spider
Pardosa pseudoannulata

 

Male

16-9-2009 Sri Indah

 

 

 
 
New Genus

Male

PUI YUK 


Pardosa pusiola

Male

Male 5mm

9-7-2009 SG MEROTAI

 

 

 

Pardosa pusiola
 

Female 7mm

12-7-2009 POND 

Pond Wolf Spider

Pardosa pusiola
 

Female 5.5mm

12-7-2009  POND 

 

 
Genus Pardosa unidentified Male from MEROTAI

4 mm

14-6-2014 SG MEROTAI

PardosaMEROTAI

 


Pardosa sp MEROTAI XL

Genus Pardosa unidentified
 

12.5mm

FEMALE from MEROTAI
 


Pardosa sp MEROTAI XL

Genus Pardosa unidentified

10mm

MALE from MEROTAI
 

 
 

 Pardosa astrigera

TAIWAN 

Pardosa astrigera

Pardosa astrigera

星豹蛛

Female 6mm+-

6-9-2009  BOMBALAI 

 

Pardosa astrigera

Japan
 



Genus Hippasa
Hippasa  is a characteristic genus in wolf spiders because of its web building behavior.

Hippasa Simon, 1885


Hippasa holmerae Thorell, 1895 — India to Philippines
 

  Hippasa holmerae

Hippasa holmerae
長疣馬蛛

Male

COMMON

29-10-2006 STADIUM

Agelena sp SG MEROTAI

Hippasa holmerae
長疣馬蛛

Female 7mm

COMMON

9-7-2009 SG MEROTAI

Hippasa holmerae

 

Genus Arctosa
 

 

Arctosa fujiii

Japan

Arctosa fujiii

Japan

Arctosa fujiii

Japan

Arctosa ebicha

Japan
 


Genus Arctosa
 

     

Arctosa subamylacea

Japan
 

Arctosa subamylacea

Japan
 


Genus Tricca

     

Tricca japonica

Japan

Tricca japonica

Japan


Genus Trochosa

Trochosa ruricola

Japan

Trochosa ruricola

Japan

Trochosa ruricola

Japan


Lycosidae TAWAU new species

Lycosidae TAWAU new speciesLycosidae TAWAU new speciesLycosidae TAWAU new speciesLycosidae TAWAU new speciesLycosidae TAWAU new species

Lycosidae TAWAU new species

Male Body Length 6mm

Front leg to Hind Leg 40mm

1-11-2009 Upper Sg. Tawau


More about Malaysian spiders  February 12, 2016 03:33:02 PM

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