Last Updated on Wednesday, 05 August, 2015 11:02:58 PM

A Gallery of  Spider Species of Sabah

Ant mimicry spiders  |  PHOLCIDAE | OECOBIIDAE | TETRAGNATHIDAE | ARANEIDAE | LYCOSIDAE | PISAURIDAE | OXYOPIDAE | PSECHRIDAE | ZODARIIDAE | THOMISIDAE | SALTICIDAE  |

Spiders of
Family Pisauridae
跑蛛科Pisauridae
 

♀♂
 


Family Pisauridae
Genus : Dendrolycosa
Dendrolycosa icadia (L. Koch, 1876)

 


Dendrolycosa icadia
 


This spider body length 9mm was observed on a poptplant in a garden in Wynnum in late June 2009, in a silken retreat amongst twigs at the most inaccessible part of the web. The web was scatty, like Badumna webs, but more substantial with some sheets, twisted around the outer branches and leaves. The females grow to 10mm, the males to 8.5mm. Easily mistaken for a wolf spider but lacks the pair of enlarged eyes that characterize the lycosids. The name means "Tree Wolf Spider".

Dendrolycosa is easily mistaken for a wolf spider but lacks the pair of enlarged eyes that characterize the lycosids. In addition, the legs have erect spines that on some specimens can be relatively long and are unlike any spines found on lycosid legs.

Spider(s) with a very similar appearance: Many lycosid species and at least some members of the Family Zoridae, all three families being closely related.

On green leaves in eucalypt forests, usually in a spoon-shaped web/retreat that is sometimes twisted around a branch; this species is less well known than the pisaurid species that live on or under fresh water in ponds

  Dendrolycosa icadia
Dendrolycosa icadia
Male ♂ 7mm
5-8-2015 TINAGAT BEACH RESORT
 
     

Family Pisauridae
Genus Nilus

    Nilus albocinctus
Nilus albocinctus
Nilus albocinctus

Female

20-8-2012 HOTSPRING
14-7-2015 TBL

 


Dolomedes saganus(普)
赤條狡蛛(雌)
 

3 Subfamilies of Pisauridae Spiders

1 2 3
Subfamily incertae sedis
Bradystichus Simon, 1884
Subfamily Thalassiinae
Archipirata Simon, 1898
Subfamily Pisaurinae Simon, 1890

Campostichommides Strand, 1911
Cispinilus Roewer, 1955
Conakrya Schmidt, 1956
Dianpisaura Zhang, Zhu & Song, 2004
†Eopisaurella Petrunkevitch, 1958 (Early Eocene; Baltic amber)
†Esuritor Petrunkevitch, 1942 (Early Eocene; Baltic amber)
Hygropoda Thorell, 1894
Hypsithylla Simon, 1903
Inola Davies, 1982
Nilus O. P.-Cambridge, 1876
†Palaeoperenethis Seldon & Penney, 2009 (Ypresian, British Columbia, Canada)
Qianlingula Zhang, Zhu & Song, 2004
Tallonia Simon, 1889
Tapinothele Simon, 1898
Tapinothelella Strand, 1909
Tapinothelops Roewer, 1955

 


Dolomedes Latreille, 1804
Eucamptopus Pocock, 1900
Hesydrimorpha Strand, 1911
Ilipula Simon, 1903
Megadolomedes Davies & Raven, 1980
Nukuhiva Berland, 1935
Papakula Strand, 1911
Thalassius Simon, 1885
Thaumasia Perty, 1833
Tinus F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1901

 


Afropisaura Blandin, 1976
Architis Simon, 1898
Caripetella Strand, 1928
Charminus Thorell, 1899
Chiasmopes Pavesi, 1883
Cispius Simon, 1898
Cladycnis Simon, 1898
Dendrolycosa Doleschall, 1859
Euprosthenops Pocock, 1897
Euprosthenopsis Blandin, 1974
Eurychoera Thorell, 1897
Maypacius Simon, 1898
Paracladycnis Blandin, 1979
Perenethis L. Koch, 1878
Phalaeops Roewer, 1955
Pisaura Simon, 1885
Pisaurina Simon, 1898
Polyboea Thorell, 1895
Ransonia Blandin, 1979
Rothus Simon, 1898
Staberius Simon, 1898
Stoliczka O. P.-Cambridge, 1885
Tetragonophthalma Karsch, 1878
Thalassiopsis Roewer, 1955
Voraptipus Roewer, 1955
Vuattouxia Blandin, 1979
WalrenceaBlandin, 1979

There are 53 Genus in the spider family Pisauridae :

Nursery web spiders are spiders of the family Pisauridae. They resemble wolf spiders (family Lycosidae), but they carry their egg sacs by means of their jaws and pedipalps (instead of attaching them to their spinnerets). When the eggs are about to hatch, a mother spider will build a nursery "tent", put her egg sac inside and mount guard outside. The name nursery web spider is especially given to the European species Pisaura mirabilis, but the family also includes fishing spiders and raft spiders.

Unlike the wolf spiders, which have two very prominent eyes in addition to the other six, the eyes of the nursery web spiders are more or less the same size.

1 Afropisaura
2 Archipirata
3 Architis
4 Bradystichus
5 Campostichommides
6 Caripetella
7 Charminus
8 Chiasmopes
9 Cispinilus
10 Cispius
11 Cladycnis
12 Conakrya
13 Dendrolycosa
14 Dianpisaura
15 Dolomedes
16 Eucamptopus
17 Euprosthenops
18 Euprosthenopsis
19 Eurychoera
20 Hala
21 Hesydrimorpha
22 Hygropoda
23 Hypsithylla
24 Ilipula
25 Inola
26 Maypacius
27 Megadolomedes
28 Nilus
29 Nukuhiva
30 Papakula
31 Paracladycnis
32 Perenethis
33 Phalaeops
34 Pisaura
35 Pisaurina
36 Polyboea
37 Qianlingula
38 Ransonia
39 Rothus
40a Sphedanus Thorell, 1877
40b Stoliczka O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1885
41 Tallonia
42 Tapinothele
43 Tapinothelella
44 Tapinothelops
45 Tetragonophthalma
46 Thalassiopsis
47 Thalassius
48 Thaumasia
49 Tinus
50 Tolma
51 Voraptipus
52 Vuattouxia
53 Walrencea


There are 7 species in 6 Genus recorded in Borneo Island :

1- Dolomedes mizhoanus Kishida, 1936 — China, Laos, Malaysia, Taiwan
2- Dolomedes paroculus Simon, 1901 — Malaysia
3- Eurychoera quadrimaculata Thorell, 1897 — Singapore, Malaysia
4- Hygropoda longimana (Stoliczka, 1869) — Bangladesh, Malaysia
5- Polyboea vulpina Thorell, 1895 — Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore
6- Nilus albocinctus -- Brunei new record
7- Sphedanus sp TABLE -- Borneo New Record on 13-7-2015

 


Family Pisauridae
Genus Sphedanus
 

Sphedanus sp TABLE
Sphedanus sp TABLE
Female Consuming an insect in its mouth
13-7-2015 TAB
Sphedanus sp TABLE Sphedanus sp TABLE Sphedanus sp TABLE Sphedanus sp TABLE

Family Pisauridae
Genus Hygropoda
 

The genus Hygropoda Thorell, 1894 comprises 27 known species, which are distributed in the Australasian, Afrotropical and Oriental zoogeographical regions (Platnick 2013), with the majority of species described from the latter region. Currently, no modern monographic revision reviewing all species assigned to the genus exists and putative apomorphies of the genus, except for the flexible tarsi, have not been assessed.

 

Hygropoda BOMBALAI

Female

22-6-2014 BOMBALAI
 


Hygropoda TAWAU
Hygropoda TABLE
Hygropoda TABLE

Male
22mm

22-5-2011 TABLE

 

 

 

  Pardosa THP
Hygropoda THP

Pardosa THP

1-11-2009 Upper Sg. Tawau 

  Tibellus PORING

Hygropoda PORING

Tibellus PORING

14-12-2009 PORING  


 
 Dolomedes saganus(普)
赤條狡蛛(雌)
 Dolomedes saganus(普)
赤條狡蛛(雌)
   Dolomedes saganus(普)
赤條狡蛛(雌)
 
Dolomedes raptor(普)
溪狡蛛


 

Pisaura sp. (普)
跑蛛(雄)

Pisaura sp. (普)
跑蛛護卵(雌)
體長8mm

Pisaura TAWAU
 

Pisaura sp. (普)
跑蛛(6)
體長7.6mm

孵化的卵囊繫在樹枝上

 

Pisaura sp. (少)
駝跑蛛(雌)
體長4.5mm

 

 

Pisaura sp. (普)
跑蛛(雌)(5)
體長11mm

 

Dolomedes raptor
拉普狡蛛
Hong Kong


Nursery Web Spiders (Pisauridae)
These are free-ranging spiders which hunt among grass and low vegetation or along the edges of streams and ponds. The females carry egg-sacs under the front part of their body, the cephalothorax. Just before the eggs hatch, the female spider builds a large tent-web among low vegetation and places the egg-sac inside. She then keeps guard over the eggs, or the spiderlings when they hatch, outside the web. Hence the name Nursery Web Spiders.

 

Unlike the wolf spiders, which have two very prominent eyes in addition to the other six, the eyes of the nursery web spiders are more or less the same size. Many species are able to walk on the surface of still bodies of water, and may even dive beneath the surface for a time to escape enemies. In escaping predators, they may very well jump a distance of five or six inches. However, they do not find it easy to make their way up extremely smooth surfaces such as glass. The female spider will sometimes attempt to eat the male after mating. The male, to reduce the risk of this, will often present the female with a gift such as a fly when approaching in the hope that this will satisfy her hunger.
 

PISAURIDAE FAMILY
http://en.wikipedia.org


The 3 easily confused species :

Nursery web spiders

Family : Pisauridae

Wolf spiders

Family : Lycosidae

Huntsman

Family : Sparassidae
formerly Heteropodidae

 


 





Unidentified
 

Above looks similar to wolf spider but not fully matching.


 


Unidentified

This eye arrangement is similar to Huntsman but not fully matching.

This spider look alike a Huntsman but comes out during day time while huntsman active only at night


Spiders of Pisauridae Family in Malaysia


跑蛛科Pisauridae

Pisaura sp. (普)
跑蛛(雄)

Pisaura sp. (普)
跑蛛護卵(雌)
體長8mm

Pisaura TAWAU
 

Pisaura sp. (普)
跑蛛(6)
體長7.6mm

孵化的卵囊繫在樹枝上

 

Pisaura sp. (少)
駝跑蛛(雌)
體長4.5mm

 

 

Pisaura sp. (普)
跑蛛(雌)(5)
體長11mm

 

Dolomedes raptor
拉普狡蛛
Hong Kong

 

More about Malaysian spiders  August 05, 2015 11:02:58 PM

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