Last Updated on Thursday, 11 February, 2016 12:06:14 AM

 

Subfamily: Heliophaninae

A family of Asian spiders found in Asia

♀♂


Family: Salticidae
Subfamily: Heliophaninae
Genus: Phintella

Genus Phintella has 39 species, the following are common Borneo species :


Phintella suavis (Simon, 1885) Nepal to Malaysia
Phintella versicolor (C. L. Koch, 1846) China, Korea, Taiwan, Sumatra, Malaysia.
Phintella vittata (C. L. Koch, 1846) India to Philippines
Phintella debilis (Thorell, 1891) India to Taiwan, Java
 

Phintella sp GELAS


 


 Phintella versicolor 

Male  6mm

 

 

Phintella versicolor 

Phintella versicolor

Chrysilla versicolor

Female 雌蛛

12-7-2009 STADIUM

 


Phintella debilis

Female

29-6-2014 Balung Eco Resort, Sabah


Phintella debilis

Female 4mm

1-6-2015
Nanga Tau, Sarawak

 

Phintella sp GEMOK

30-6-2009 Bukit Gemok, Sabah

Phintella sp BOMBALAI

22-6-2014 BOMBALAI, Sabah


Phintella vittata

MALE

2008

 


Genus Chrysilla

Family: Salticidae

Subfamily: Heliophaninae

Genus: Chrysilla

6 Species
Chrysilla albens Dyal, 1935 Pakistan
Chrysilla delicata Thorell, 1892 Myanmar
Chrysilla doriai Thorell, 1890 Sumatra
Chrysilla kolosvaryi Caporiacco, 1947 East Africa
Chrysilla lauta Thorell, 1887 Myanmar to China, Vietnam
Chrysilla pilosa (Karsch, 1878) New South Wales

   

Chrysilla Lauta

South East Asia

 

Genus Pseudicius

Family: Salticidae
Subfamily: Heliophaninae
Genus: Pseudicius
 

It resembles to Marpissa muscosa but it is only half the size. It can be found in woodland, amongst leaf-litter and moss as well on the bark of trees. It size varies between 4.5 and 5.5 mm.

 

Pseudicius sp MEROTAI

 

 Pseudicius PORING

Pseudicius PORING

14-12-2009 PORING

Icius TAWAU

Pseudicius sp SG TAWAU

Male 4.5 mm

26-7-2009 SUNGAI TAWAU 

Pseudicius encarpatus


Genus Heliophanus


The female spider is easily recognized by the white stripe of hairs around the front of the abdomen. Their size varies between 3 and 6 mm. The majority of the species can be found on low vegetation.

     

Heliophanus SABAH

16-12-2009 Kinabalu National Park

Heliophanus SABAH

Heliophanus SABAH

Female 7mm

27-11-2009 Tawau, Sabah

Heliophanus tribulosis female

 

Heliophanus cupreus female

 

Heliophanus cupreus male

 

Heliophanus kochii male

 

Heliophanus kochii female

 


扁蠅虎屬
Genus Menemerus

Their length varies between 7 and 9 mm.

Males have strinking white haired pedipalps.
The spiders can be found on sunny walls and rocks often in the surroundings of houses.

Menemerus bivittatus (Dufour, 1831) Pantropical
Menemerus fulvus (L. Koch, 1878) India to Japan

 

Smart and furry salticids. Found in warm, stony or bare areas. General remarks: Spiders in this group are associated with stones, rocks or bare areas in the open with dead leaves, twigs or litter provided these habitats are warmed by the sun. They are sturdy and can be strong jumpers.

It is similar in size and shape to Marpissa, except that the abdomen is more square shouldered. The male carapace is brown with the eye field black, and there is a characteristic white marginal band. Overall the abdomen is whitish-brown with a broad, dark brown, median band running the length of the abdomen. The legs are dark brown with some light brown patches and rings. The female is overall brown with a very broad whitish-brown band that runs from the front eyes to the spinnerets. The legs are whitish-brown with brown marks and annulations.

Menemerus is a worldwide genus with most species occurring in the warmer regions.
 

  • abdomen is more square shouldered compared with Genus Marpissa

  • The male carapace is brown with the eye field black,

  • There is a characteristic white marginal band.

  • Overall the abdomen is whitish-brown with a broad, dark brown, median band running the length of the abdomen.

  • The legs are dark brown with some light brown patches and rings.

  • The female is overall brown with a very broad whitish-brown band that runs from the front eyes to the spinnerets.

  • The legs are whitish-brown with brown marks and annulations.
     

 

    Menemerus fulvus
Menemerus fulvus


3-11-2014 EDA
 

Menemerus fulvus

Juvenile Female

MEROTAI

 

 
Menemerus MEROTAI

Menemerus MEROTAI

Female 7mm

Common

21-8-2009 WAREHOUSE

 

found at toilet ikutmaju

Menemerus bivittatus (Dufour)

http://entnemdept.ufl.edu

 


Menemerus PUI YUK

FEMALE

2014 PUI YUK

 

 

 

Menemerus fulvus

 白鬚扁蠅虎 

Menemerus fulvus??????

Female Very Common

5-7-2009 SCHS

 

         

Genus Carrhotus

The male and female of this genus are so differently colored that they were denoted as different species. The male has a black head while the female's head has yellow-orange spots. Her body is beautifully colored with orange and yellow hairs.
The spider can be spotted in bushes. The species is very rare and therefore endangered.

Carrhotus sp BATU LINTANG

 25-7-2014 LINTANG

Carrhotus TANAH MERAH

Carrhotus TANAH MERAH


6 mm FEMALE


8-7-2009 TANAH MERAH

 
Carrhotus MEROTAI

Carrhotus MEROTAI

Merotai 20-10-2007

Carrhotus MEROTAI

Carrhotus MEROTAI

25-10-2009 MEROTAI

Carrhotus xanthogramma female 

Carrhotus Sannio

South East Asia 

Carrhotus xanthogramma female 

 

Carrhotus xanthogramma female

 

 


Family: Salticidae
Subfamily: Heliophaninae
Genus: Cosmophasis

http://arachne.org.au/01_cms/details.asp?ID=2296
http://www.arachne.org.au/01_cms/details.asp?ID=2544

 

A genus of the spider family Salticidae (jumping spiders). Some species occur in Africa, while most are found in Southeast Asia, down to Australia. Although most species more or less mimic ants, there are also colorful species that follow a different strategy.

A genus of the spider family Salticidae (jumping spiders). Some species occur in Africa, while most are found in Southeast Asia, down to Australia. Although most species more or less mimic ants, there are also colorful species that follow a different strategy.
 



Species of Cosmophasis common in Bornao :

Cosmophasis umbratica Simon, 1903 India to Sumatra
Cosmophasis thalassina (C. L. Koch, 1846) Malaysia to Australia
Cosmophasis quadricincta (Simon, 1885) Singapore
Cosmophasis estrellaensis Barrion & Litsinger, 1995 Philippines
Cosmophasis cypria (Thorell, 1890) Java
Cosmophasis laticlavia (Thorell, 1892) Sumatra
Cosmophasis masarangi Merian, 1911 Sulawesi
Cosmophasis gemmans (Thorell, 1890) Sumatra
Cosmophasis parangpilota Barrion & Litsinger, 1995 Philippines
Cosmophasis weyersi (Simon, 1899) Sumatra

 


 



Cosmophasis thalassina


Cosmophasis MEROTAI

Female

21-9-2008 MEROTAI
 

Cosmophasis thalassina

FEMALE

27-9-2014 PRAWN FARM
 

   


 

Cosmophasis sp.

South East Asia 

Cosmophasis umbratica

Cosmophasis umbratica
FEMALE 4.5mm

17-7-2009 SEMARAK

Cosmophasis umbratica

Singapore

Cosmophasis umbratica

South East Asia

Cosmophasis umbratica

South East Asia

Cosmophasis umbratica

MALE 6mm

23-7-2009 SEMARAK

Silerella sp SEMARAK

Cosmophasis umbratica

MALE  6.5mm

17-7-2009 SEMARAK

Cosmophasis umbratica, male

Singapore


Family: Salticidae
Subfamily: Heliophaninae
Genus: Epocilla

Family: Salticidae
Subfamily: Heliophaninae
Genus: Epocilla

Genus Epocilla has 10 species :
Epocilla aurantiaca (Simon, 1885) India to Malaysia
Epocilla blairei Zabka, 1985 China, Vietnam
Epocilla calcarata (Karsch, 1880) China to Sulawesi, Seychelles, Hawai'i
Epocilla chimakothiensis Jastrzebski, 2007 Bhutan
Epocilla femoralis Simon, 1901 Sumatra
Epocilla innotata Thorell, 1895 Myanmar
Epocilla mauriciana Simon, 1901 Mauritius
Epocilla picturata Simon, 1901 China
Epocilla praetextata Thorell, 1887 Myanmar to Java
Epocilla xylina Simon, 1906 India
 

 
 

Epocilla calcarata

Male

Phintella versicolor 

Epocilla calcarata

 

Phintella versicolor 

Male 6mm

 

 

 

 

Epocilla calcarata
Female

found at sungai tawau 21-9-2014
 

 

Epocilla sp.
 

Epocilla calcarata

Male

South East Asia

Epocilla calcarata

Female

South East Asia

Epocilla calcarata

Female

South East Asia

 

 


Not much reference information on this Subfamily of Helophaninae.

Heliophaninae is a grouping, clade or subfamily of Salticidae including many tropical spiders, notably Cosmophasis in Australia and the cosmopolitan Menemerus.

The Heliophaninae form a sub-family of jumping spiders which includes thirty genera distributed in all continents.

Characteristics of Subfamily Heliophaninae is delimited by two characters (Maddison, 1987):

1- a stridulatory apparatus consisting of seta-bearing tubercles on the first leg femur and rugose carapace-sides
2- a bump on the tegulum

 

Common genus of Heliophaninae in Bornao :

1- Heliophanus
2- Icius
3- Pseudicius
4-
Phintella
5- Epocilla
6- Carrhotus
7- Orsima
8- Chrysilla
9- Cosmophasis

10- Festucula
11- Marchena
12- Helvetia
13- Yepoella
14- Menemerus

 

 


Genus Icius

伊蛛屬跳蛛

Icius is a genus of the spider family Salticidae (jumping spiders). There are 29 species world wide.

Icius abnormis Denis, 1958 Afghanistan
Icius bilobus Yang & Tang, 1996 China
Icius brunellii Caporiacco, 1940 Ethiopia
Icius cervinus Simon, 1878 Russia
Icius congener Simon, 1871 Western Mediterranean
Icius crassipes (Simon, 1868) Spain, Algeria, Tunisia
Icius daisetsuzanus Saito, 1934 Japan
Icius dendryphantoides Strand, 1909 South Africa
Icius desertorum Simon, 1901 South Africa
Icius glaucochirus (Thorell, 1890) Sumatra
Icius gyirongensis Hu, 2001 China
Icius hamatus (C. L. Koch, 1846) Palearctic
Icius hongkong Song et al., 1997 Hong Kong
Icius ildefonsus Chamberlin, 1924 Mexico
Icius inhonestus Keyserling, 1878 Uruguay
Icius insolitus Alicata & Cantarella, 1994 Spain
Icius minimus Wesolowska & Tomasiewicz, 2008 Ethiopia
Icius nebulosus (Simon, 1868) Western Mediterranean
Icius ocellatus Pavesi, 1883 East Africa
Icius pallidulus Nakatsudi, 1943 Micronesia
Icius peculiaris Wesolowska & Tomasiewicz, 2008 Ethiopia
Icius pseudocellatus Strand, 1907 South Africa
Icius separatus Banks, 1903 Hispaniola
Icius simoni Alicata & Cantarella, 1994 Algeria
Icius steelae Logunov, 2004 Sudan
Icius subinermis Simon, 1937 Mediterranean
Icius testaceolineatus (Lucas, 1846) Algeria
Icius yadongensis Hu, 2001 China
 

 

Icius subinermis

Europe

Icius hamatus

Europe

 

 

SPIDERS OF BORNEO

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