Last Updated On : Tuesday, December 10, 2019 10:55:07 PM


Borneo Spiders > Part 6 Family Sparassidae


GUIDE TO COMMON SPIDERS IN BORNEO ISLAND (Total 7 parts)
The number of spider species of Borneo is getting too large to list into just one page, so this long list is divided into following smaller manageable seven parts:

Part 1 : Family : Salticidae - Jumping Spiders
           

Part 2 : Family Araneidae - Orb Web Spiders
           

Part 3 : Family Thomisidae - Crab Spiders
           

Part 4 : Family Theridiidae - Tangle web spider
           

Part 5 : Family Tetragnathidae - Big-jawed Spiders
           

Part 6 : Family Sparassidae - Huntsman Spiders

Part 7 : All other minority spider families - New genus, less encountered species etc..


Huntsman spiders (Family Sparassidae is  formerly Heteropodidae)

Giant Crab Spiders (Sparassidae)
FAMILY SPARASSIDAE - Huntsman Spiders

Family Sparassidae
巨蟹蛛科
Huntsman Spiders
(遁蛛科 ,高腳蛛科)
Huntsman spiders are known by their speed and mode of hunting. Also are called giant crab spiders because of their size and appearance. Larger species sometimes are referred to as wood spiders, because of their preference for woody places.


New records of Sparassidae spider species from Borneo Island
 

Olios scalptor 雕刻奧利蛛Palystes sp BORNEO 巨蟹蛛科新種於婆羅洲島Thelcticopis sp MRH 塞蛛新種於婆羅洲島

 


 

Family Sparassidae 巨蟹蛛科
Genus Olios奧利蛛屬
 


Olios scalptor 雕刻奧利蛛

Olios scalptor 雕刻奧利蛛
Female ♀ 2014-06-22 SUN 15:49 BOMBALAI
中國蜘蛛生態大圖鑑 Page 702
The 8 legs of this spider were removed by a predator swap. The spider is still alive. Parasitic wasp hunt on several Genus of  spiders.

 


Family Sparassidae 巨蟹蛛科
Genus Palystes
This Genus is not found in China

Palystes sp BORNEO 巨蟹蛛科新種於婆羅洲島
Family Sparassidae
Palystes sp BORNEO 巨蟹蛛科新種於婆羅洲島
Female ♀ 2018-12-12 WED 15:54 LODGE
The 8 legs of this spider were removed by a predator swap. The spider is still alive.
This Genus is not found in China.
Palystes is also not found in Borneo

 


Family Sparassidae 巨蟹蛛科
Genus Thelcticopis 塞蛛屬


Thelcticopis sp MRH 塞蛛新種於婆羅洲島
Thelcticopis sp MRH 塞蛛新種於婆羅洲島
Female ♀16mm 2018-12-02 MOUNTAIN REST HOUSE
Ref: 中國蜘蛛生態大圖鑑 Page 715
Thelcticopis sp MALIAU

Thelcticopis sp MALIAU
Female juvenile 4mm
2015-08-16 MALIAU RIVER



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Family Sparassidae 巨蟹蛛科
Genus Heteropoda 巨蟹蛛屬

Heteropoda sp RESTHOUSE

Family Sparassidae
Heteropoda sp RESTHOUSE
巨蟹蛛新種於婆羅洲島
Female ♀12mm 2018-12-03 MOUNTAIN REST HOUSE
中國蜘蛛生態大圖鑑 Page 693-697

Heteropoda boiei
Heteropoda boiei 巨蟹蛛

Heteropoda boiei 巨蟹蛛
Female ♀8mm 15-7-2015 TBL
Female
♀18mm 2018-10-27 SAT CANOPY PATH
Not found in China
 

Heteropoda sp BORNEO-2

Heteropoda sp BORNEO-2
♂20mm
2017-07-16 PHOTO SESSION

Heteropoda sp BORNEO

Heteropoda sp BORNEO-1
♂20mm
2017-07-16 PHOTO SESSION

Heteropoda sp TBLHeteropoda sp TBL

Heteropoda sp TBL
Female 7mm 14-7-2015 TBL
♂ Male 10mm 2017-07-16 TBL

Heteropoda sp PAPAR

Heteropoda sp PAPAR

2017-03-11 KAWANG PAPAR

Heteropoda natans

Heteropoda natans
♀38mm
2017-07-07 VIPER TRAIL

Heteropoda lunula

Heteropoda lunula
Female
2015-08-09 MALIAU RIVER

Heteropoda tetrica

Heteropoda tetrica
Female
Location : 16-9-2014 SG TAWAU

Heteropoda venatoria
Heteropoda venatoria

Heteropoda venatoria
(Has a white band across the face)
Female 16-12-2009 TEA
Male 16-12-2009 TEA



 

Family Sparassidae
Genus : Gnathopalystes
顎突蛛

All following 4 species found in Sabah are unidentified. They are temporary coded with the location they were found

 

 

 

Gnathopalystes sp CANOPY 顎突蛛新種於婆羅洲島

Gnathopalystes sp CANOPY
顎突蛛新種於婆羅洲島
Female 7mm 2018-10-27 SAT CANOPY PATH
中國蜘蛛生態大圖鑑 Page 694

 

 

 

Gnathopalystes sp SRIINDAH
MALE
2010-08-01 SRI INDAH
 

 

 

Gnathopalystes sp NABALU
♂9mm Juvenile
2018-02-04 CAR PARK

 

 

 

Gnathopalystes sp BABANGA
♀5mm Juvenile
2009-09-16 BABAGAN FOREST

 

 

 

Gnathopalystes sp NABALU
♂MALE
2011-02-02 NABALU

 

Family Sparassidae
Genus Rhitymna

 

Rhitymna pinangensisEyes of Rhitymna pinangensis

Rhitymna pinangensis
♀14mm
2017-07-07 Viper Trial

Family Sparassidae
Genus Pandercetes
(Lichen Huntsman)

 

 

 

Pandercetes sp BORNEO

Pandercetes sp BORNEO
♂9mm
2017-07-16 PHOTO SESSION

 

 

 

Pandercetes RDC Female

Pandercetes sp RDC
Female

2010-06-08 RDC

 
Pandercetes sp MALIAU
Pandercetes sp MALIAU
Female 13mm
2015-07-20 MALIAU

 


 

Heteropoda boiei 巨蟹蛛
Heteropoda boiei 巨蟹蛛
 


Huntsman spiders (Sparassidae, formerly Heteropodidae) is a family of spiders also known as the giant crab spiders, due to their appearance. Larger specimens of these spiders are also sometimes referred to as wood spiders, due to their preference for inhabiting woody places (forest, mine shafts, woodpiles). They are known as rain spiders in southern Africa.

These eight-eyed spiders are found in Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Southeast Asia, the Mediterranean, Florida, and Hawaii, and possibly in many other tropical and semi-tropical regions.
Huntsman Spiders are large to very large size spiders. Most of them have flattened body suitable to live inside the narrow gaps under bark, log and stone. They are usually brown or grey in colours. The spiders have crab-like legs - all legs bend forwards. They can walk backwards, forwards and sideway. Their front two pairs of legs are usually much longer than back.

Huntsman spiders run fast, hunt by chasing after prey. Sometimes they come inside house looking for prey. If someone found spiders are scary, most likely Huntsman Spiders are the major causes. Females make oval flat egg-sac under bark or between leaves. They will guard the eggs and juveniles.
Huntsman Spiders active during the night, They hide in their retreat, under bark or some other shelter, during the day. Instead of chasing prey, most huntsman spiders wait at the spots where insects will come by. It is believe that the coming and going of insects put down scent trails that the huntsmen can pick up.

 



The 4 easily confused genus:

 

Nursery web spiders Wolf spiders

Ground
Huntsman

Genus Heteropoda

Tree
Huntsman

Genus Gnathopalystes
Genus Pandercetes
Genus Rhitymna
Genus Thelcticopis
 


 


Family: Sparassidae
Genus : Gnathopalystes
 



Gnathopalystes sp NABALU

♂MALE

2011-02-02 NABALU

Light  Brown 



Gnathopalystes sp NABALU
♂9mm Juvenile

2018-02-04 CAR PARK

Light Golden



Gnathopalystes sp BABANGA
♀5mm Juvenile

2009-09-16 BABAGAN FOREST

Translucent Green



Gnathopalystes sp SRIINDAH
♂MALE

2010-08-01 SRI INDAH

Greenish Yellow 


unidentified new species
This unidentified new species was first found in Nabalu Town near Kinabalu National Park in 2011.
Another new species under this new genus was found in 2010 in Bandar Sri Indah
 


Family: Sparassidae
Genus: Heteropoda

Species include:

Heteropoda acuta Davies, 1994 — Queensland, Australia
Heteropoda amphora Fox, 1936 — China, Hong Kong
Heteropoda cervina L. Koch, 1875 — Queensland
Heteropoda dagmarae Jäger & Vedel, 2005 — Laos, Thailand
Heteropoda davidbowie Jäger, 2008 — Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra
Heteropoda fischeri Jäger, 2005 — India
Heteropoda hosei Pocock, 1897 — Borneo
Heteropoda maxima Jäger, 2001 — Laos
Heteropoda venatoria Linnaeus, 1767 — Pantropical
Heteropoda zuviele Jäger, 2008 — Vietnam
Heteropoda tetrica
We have in our image bank a collection of 5 species in Genus Heteropoda a total of 16 individuals mostly female.
 

1
Heteropoda sp TBL

Heteropoda sp TBL
Female 7mm

14-7-2015 TBL

 

2
Heteropoda boiei

Heteropoda boiei
Female 8mm

15-7-2015 TBL
 

 

3
Heteropoda tetrica

Heteropoda tetrica
Female

16-9-2014 SG TAWAU
 
4
Heteropoda venatoria
Heteropoda venatoria

Heteropoda venatoria
Female 20mm
16-12-2009 TEA
(Has a white band across the face)

Male

 

5
Heteropoda lunula

Heteropoda lunula

 

Female
2015-08-09 MALIAU RIVER
 


 

Heteropoda boiei 巨蟹蛛
Heteropoda boiei 巨蟹蛛
 
Gnathopalystes sp NABALU
 

Family Sparassidae
Gnathopalystes sp NABALU

unidentified

♂ 9mm Juvenile

2018-02-03 SAT CAR PARK
 

Heteropoda natans
 

Heteropoda natans
found only in Borneo
♀38mm
2017-07-07 FRI VIPER TRIAL
 

Rhitymna pinangensis
 

2017-07-07 FRI 20:39  NIGHT WALK

Rhitymna pinangensis
Female
Body length about 1.5cm


Family: Sparassidae
Genus : Pandercetes (Lichen Spider)
 

Pandercetes sp MALIAU
Pandercetes sp MALIAU


Female 13mm
2015-07-20 MALIAU RIVER
 



Pandercetes sp RDC

Female hatching

8-6-2010
Rainforest Discovery Center


Family: Sparassidae
Genus: Thelcticopis
 

Thelcticopis sp MALIAU

Thelcticopis sp MALIAU
Female juvenile 4mm

2015-08-16 MALIAU RIVER


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