Last Updated On : Tuesday, October 02, 2018 10:28:23 AM


Huntsman spiders (Family Sparassidae is  formerly Heteropodidae)

Giant Crab Spiders (Sparassidae)

FAMILY SPARASSIDAE - Huntsman Spiders

遁蛛科 Family : Sparassidae

Huntsman spiders (Family Sparassidae is  formerly Heteropodidae)

高腳蛛科

Huntsman spiders (Sparassidae, formerly Heteropodidae) is a family of spiders also known as the giant crab spiders, due to their appearance. Larger specimens of these spiders are also sometimes referred to as wood spiders, due to their preference for inhabiting woody places (forest, mine shafts, woodpiles). They are known as rain spiders in southern Africa.

These eight-eyed spiders are found in Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Southeast Asia, the Mediterranean, Florida, and Hawaii, and possibly in many other tropical and semi-tropical regions.
Huntsman Spiders are large to very large size spiders. Most of them have flattened body suitable to live inside the narrow gaps under bark, log and stone. They are usually brown or grey in colours. The spiders have crab-like legs - all legs bend forwards. They can walk backwards, forwards and sideway. Their front two pairs of legs are usually much longer than back.


Huntsman spiders run fast, hunt by chasing after prey. Sometimes they come inside house looking for prey. If someone found spiders are scary, most likely Huntsman Spiders are the major causes. Females make oval flat egg-sac under bark or between leaves. They will guard the eggs and juveniles.
Huntsman Spiders active during the night, They hide in their retreat, under bark or some other shelter, during the day. Instead of chasing prey, most huntsman spiders wait at the spots where insects will come by. It is believe that the coming and going of insects put down scent trails that the huntsmen can pick up.
 


http://bugguide.net/node/view/323910

The 4 easily confused genus:

Nursery web spiders Wolf spiders

Ground
Huntsman

Genus Heteropoda

Tree
Huntsman

Genus Gnathopalystes
Genus Pandercetes
Genus Rhitymna
Genus Thelcticopis
 

Family : Pisauridae Family : Lycosidae

Family : Sparassidae formerly Heteropodidae



 

   

Hygropoda sp TABLE
23mm
22-5-2011 TABLE


Hygropoda sp TAWAU
5.5mm
2009-11-01 Tawau Hill Park



Hygropoda sp BOMBALAI
Unnamed species first record in Borneo found in 2014
♀6mm
22-06-2014 BOMBALAI



Dendrolycosa icadia
Male ♂ 7mm
5-8-2015 TINAGAT BEACH
 



 





Heteropoda venatoria
(Has a white band across the face)
Male
16-12-2009 TEA



Heteropoda tetrica
Female
16-9-2014 SG TAWAU



Heteropoda sp TBL
♀ Female 7mm
14-7-2015 TBL



Heteropoda natans
♀38mm
2017-07-07 VIPER TRAIL



Heteropoda lunula
Female ♀
08-09-2015 MALIAU RIVER



Heteropoda sp BORNEO-2
♂20mm
16-7-2017 PHOTO SESSION



Heteropoda sp BORNEO-1
♂20mm
16-7-2017 PHOTO SESSION



Heteropoda boiei
Female 8mm
15-7-2015 TBL



Rhitymna pinangensis
♀14mm
2017-07-07 VIPER TRIAL



Pandercetes sp RDC
Female
2010-06-08 RDC



Pandercetes sp MALIAU
Female 13mm
2015-07-20 MALIAU



Pandercetes sp BORNEO
♂9mm
2017-07-16 PHOTO SESSION



Gnathopalystes sp NABALU
♂MALE
2011-02-02 NABALU



Gnathopalystes sp BABANGA
♀5mm Juvenile
2009-09-16 BABAGAN FOREST



Gnathopalystes sp NABALU

♂9mm Juvenile
2018-02-04 CAR PARK



Gnathopalystes sp SRIINDAH
MALE
2010-08-01 SRI INDAH

 


Family: Sparassidae
Genus : Gnathopalystes
 



Gnathopalystes sp SRIINDAH
MALE

2010-08-01 SRI INDAH

Greenish Yellow 



Gnathopalystes sp NABALU
♂MALE

2011-02-02 NABALU

Light  Brown 



Gnathopalystes sp NABALU
♂9mm Juvenile

2018-02-04 CAR PARK

Light Golden



Gnathopalystes sp BABANGA
♀5mm Juvenile

2009-09-16 BABAGAN FOREST

Translucent Green

 

This unidentified new species was first found in Nabalu Town near Kinabalu National Park in 2011.
Another new species under this new genus was found in 2010 in Bandar Sri Indah


Family: Sparassidae
Genus: Heteropoda
 

Species include:

Heteropoda acuta Davies, 1994 — Queensland, Australia
Heteropoda amphora Fox, 1936 — China, Hong Kong
Heteropoda cervina L. Koch, 1875 — Queensland
Heteropoda dagmarae Jäger & Vedel, 2005 — Laos, Thailand
Heteropoda davidbowie Jäger, 2008 — Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra
Heteropoda fischeri Jäger, 2005 — India
Heteropoda hosei Pocock, 1897 — Borneo
Heteropoda maxima Jäger, 2001 — Laos
Heteropoda venatoria Linnaeus, 1767 — Pantropical
Heteropoda zuviele Jäger, 2008 — Vietnam

Heteropoda tetrica

We have in our image bank a collection of  5 species in Genus Heteropoda a total of 16 individuals mostly female.

5 1 2 3 4
Heteropoda lunula

Heteropoda lunula

 

Female
2015-08-09 MALIAU RIVER
 

Heteropoda sp TBL

Heteropoda sp TBL
Female 7mm

14-7-2015 TBL

 

Heteropoda boiei

Heteropoda boiei
Female 8mm

15-7-2015 TBL
 

 

Heteropoda tetrica

Heteropoda tetrica
Female

16-9-2014 SG TAWAU
 
Heteropoda venatoria
Heteropoda venatoria

Heteropoda venatoria
Female 20mm
16-12-2009 TEA
(Has a white band across the face)

Male

 



Gnathopalystes sp NABALU Family Sparassidae
Gnathopalystes sp NABALU

unidentified

♂ 9mm Juvenile

2018-02-03 SAT CAR PARK
 

 

Heteropoda natans Heteropoda natans
found only in Borneo
♀38mm
2017-07-07 FRI VIPER TRIAL
 
Rhitymna pinangensis 2017-07-07 FRI 20:39  NIGHT WALK

Rhitymna pinangensis
Female
Body length about 1.5cm


 
  Rhitymna pinangensis

Rhitymna pinangensis
♀14mm
2017-07-07 Viper Trial

 

 

 

 

Family: Sparassidae
Genus : Pandercetes (Lichen Spider)

  Pandercetes sp MALIAU
Pandercetes sp MALIAU


Female 13mm
2015-07-20 MALIAU RIVER
 



Pandercetes sp RDC

Female hatching

8-6-2010
Rainforest Discovery Center

   

Family: Sparassidae
Genus: Thelcticopis

Thelcticopis sp MALIAU

Thelcticopis sp MALIAU
Female juvenile 4mm

2015-08-16 MALIAU RIVER


1 Adcatomus
2 Anaptomecus
3 Anchognatha
4 Anchonastus
5 Arandisa
6 Barylestis
7 Beregama
8 Berlandia
9 Bhutaniella
10 Caayguara
11 Carparachne
12 Cebrennus
13 Cerbalus
14 Chrosioderma
15 Clastes
16 Damastes
17 Decaphora
18 Defectrix
19 Delena
20 Dermochrosia
21 Eusparassus
22 Exopalystes
23 Geminia
24
Gnathopalystes
25 Guadana
26
Heteropoda
27 Holconia
28 Irileka
29 Isopeda
30 Isopedella
31 Keilira
32 Leucorchestris
33 Macrinus
34 Martensopoda
35 Megaloremmius
36 Micrommata
37 Microrchestris
38 Neosparassus
39 Nisueta
40 Nolavia
41 Nonianus
42 Olios
43 Orchestrella
44 Origes
45 Paenula
46 Palystella
47 Palystes
48 Panaretella
49
Pandercetes
50 Parapalystes
51 Pediana
52 Pleorotus
53 Polybetes
54 Prusias
55 Prychia
56 Pseudomicrommata
 
57 Pseudopoda
58 Pseudosparianthis
59 Quemedice
60 Remmius
61 Rhacocnemis
62
Rhitymna
63 Sagellula
64 Sampaiosia
65 Sarotesius
66 Sinopoda
67 Sivalicus
68 Sparianthina
69 Sparianthis
70 Spariolenus
71 Staianus
72 Stasina
73 Stasinoides
74 Stipax
75 Strandiellum
76 Thelcticopis
77 Thomasettia
78 Tibellomma
79 Tychicus
80 Typostola
81 Uaiuara
82 Vindullus
83 Yiinthi
84 Zachria


 



Heteropoda Unidentified

Heteropoda Unidentified

19-7-2009 gUDANG 4


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Tuesday, 02 October, 2018 10:28:23 AM