Last Updated On : Thursday, September 14, 2017 10:28:08 AM


2017 RECENT SPIDER RECORDS IN BORNEO




Corinnidae Unidentified MaleSinga sp LUCIASinga sp GEMOKCastoponera sp GEMOKNew Genus sp GEMOK
Belisana sp GEMOKPholcus sp GEMOKMimetus sp LUCIAMimetus sp LUCIAArgiope chloreisArachnura BALUNG
Philoponella raffrayiPhiloponella raffrayiPandercetes sp BORNEOUmmidia sp BORNEO
Spartaeus sp PAPARMastira sp UMSHeteropoda sp PAPARCocalus murinusAnepsion  peltoides
Dendrolycosa icadia
Mesida sp SHORTPATHLycopus sp BOMBALAIPoltys sp GREENISH
Neoscona vigilansHeteropoda natansRhitymna pinangensisSinga sp NIAH


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Family Zodariidae
Ant spiders are small to medium-sized eight-eyed ground spiders
found world-wide in tropical to warm temperate regions
 

 

 

 

Family Zodariidae
Genus Asceua

 

 

 

 
Asceua sp LUCIA
 

 

 

Corinnidae Unidentified Male

Unidentified Male

2017-08-31 MT. LUCIA

 

 

 

Asceua sp MALIAU
Asceua sp MALIAU
Female ♀2.5mm
2015-07-27 MALIAU RIVER

 

 

 

 

Family Zodariidae
Genus Mallinella

 

 

 


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Family Corinnidae
Sac Spiders Long Legs
Hunter Spiders with two-clawed legs. Members of the genus Castianeira appear to be mimics of ants and velvet ants.

 

 

 

Family Corinnidae
NEW GENUS

 

 

 

 

 

 

Family Corinnidae
Subfamily: Castianerinae
Genus Castoponera

 

 

 

Castoponera sp GEMOK

Castoponera sp GEMOK
♀7.5mm
2017-07-29 BUKIT GEMOK

 
 

 

 

Family Corinnidae
Genus Medmassa

 
Medmassa insignis

Medmassa insignis
Female 7mm
2015-08-02 MALIAU RIVER

 

 

 

 

Family Corinnidae
Genus Castianeira

 

 

 

Castianeira sp BOMBALAI

Castianeira sp BOMBALAI
Male 3mm
15-8-2015 BOMBALAI
Remark : This may look Castianeira, but could be a new Family of web spider.

 

 

 

Castianeira sp ESPLANADE
Castianeira sp ESPLANADE
Male 6mm
12-7-2015 ESPLANADE

 

 

 

 

Family Corinnidae
Genus Serendib

 
Serendib sp SEMARAKSerendib sp SEMARAK
Serendib sp SEMARAK

Family Corinnidae
Genus Serendib
a new species found in 2008

Serendib sp SEMARAK
Male
 

 

 

 

 

Family Corinnidae
Genus Sphecotypus

 
Sphecotypus sp LOKKAWISphecotypus sp LOKKAWI
Sphecotypus sp LOKKAWI
Female 8mm
2009 Lok Ka Wi
14-7-2015 TBL

 

 

 

 

Family Corinnidae
Sub-family :  Trachelinae

 
Utivarachna fukasawana FemaleUtivarachna fukasawana Male

Utivarachna fukasawana
Female 6.5mm
Male 6mm
15-7-2015 TBL
1-11-2009 TBL

 


-

Family Psechridae
Male spiders all have a Retrolateral Tibial Apophysis on the male pedipalp.
 

 

 

 

Family Psechridae
Genus  Fecenia

 

 

 

Fecenia sp MATANG
♀12mm
2017-04-09 MATANG WILDLIFE CENTER

 

 

 

Genus Psechrus

 

 

 

Psechrus borneoPsechrus borneo Female
Psechrus borneo Psechrus borneo Female
Psechrus borneo

Young Female ♀7mm
2009-07-19 Gudang 4
Male 15mm
17-4-2015 Kanowit, Prayer Mountain

Female 9mm
2-6-2015 Ng Tau, Sarawak

 


-

Family Nephilidae
The largest spider in Borneo Nephila pilipes came from this family

 

 

 

Family Nephilidae
Genus Nephilengys

 

 

 

Gea sp BUFFERZONEGea sp BUFFERZONEGea sp BUFFERZONE

Juvenile Nephilengys malabarensis
Gea sp BUFFERZONE

Male and Female
12-8-2015 BUFFER ZONE
Female 15-6-2014 BUFFER ZONE

 

 

 

Nephilengys malabarensis

Nephilengys malabarensis

Female 13mm
2015-06-07 NIAH CAVE

Female Juvenile
2009-07-09 PUI YUK SCH

 

 

 

Nephilengys malabarensis
Nephilengys malabarensis
Male
♂ 2.5mm
2015-09-05 BOMBALAI
 

 

 

Family Nephilidae
Genus Herennia 
 

 

 

 

Herennia multipuncta

Herennia multipuncta
Female ♀
2009-11-09 THP
Male unknown

 

 

 

 

Family Nephilidae
Genus Nephila
This genus has only one species found in Sabah 

 

 

 

Nephila pilipesNephila pilipes

Nephila pilipes
Golden Web Spider
Female

2009-07-19 BUKIT GEMOK
Male ♂ 2013-01-24 TENGKORAK

 

 


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Family Uloboridae
Spiders with cribellum and calamistrum. Uloboridae is non-venomous spiders, known as cribellate orb weavers or hackled orb weavers.

 

 

 

Family Uloboridae
Genus Philoponella

 

 

 

Philoponella raffrayiPhiloponella raffrayi
Philoponella raffrayi
♀6mm 2017-05-31 UMS
♂3mm 2017-05-31 UMS
First New record for Borneo
 

 

 

Philoponella sp BUKIT GEMOK

Philoponella sp BUKIT GEMOK
Female
2009-07-06 BUKIT GEMOK

 

 

 

Philoponella quadrituberculataPhiloponella quadrituberculata Philoponella quadrituberculata
Female 2mm 14-8-2015 BOMBALAI
Male 2mm- 2009-07-09 PUI YUK

 

 

 

 

Family Uloboridae
Genus Zosis

 

 

 

Zosis geniculatus
Zosis geniculata/Zosis geniculatus
22-11-2014 WOODWORKING

 

 

 

 

Family Uloboridae
Genus Miagrammopes

 

 

 

Miagrammopes sp TBL Male

Miagrammopes sp TBL
Male 7mm
14-7-2015 TBL

 

 

 


-

Family Pholcidae
Daddy-Long-Leg Spiders are builders of three-dimensional webs.
Commonly known as cellar spiders.
Pholcidae alive photos of Bernhard A. Huber
current totals: 576 species, 65 genera
http://www.pholcidae.de/

 

 

 

 

Family Pholcidae
Genus Pholcus

 

 

 

Pholcus sp GEMOK

Pholcus sp GEMOK
♀3.5mm
2017-07-29 BUKIT GEMOK

 

 

 

Pholcus sp TINAGATPholcus sp TINAGATPholcus sp TINAGAT
Pholcus sp TINAGAT
Male 4mm 7-8-2015 TINAGAT
Female 5mm 23-8-2009 ABACA
Female 4mm+- 6-8-2015 TINAGAT
 

 

 

Pholcus sp ABACA
Pholcus sp ABACA
Female 4mm
11-10-2009 ABACA

 

 

Family Pholcidae
Genus Belisana
leaf-dwelling spider

 

Belisana sp GEMOK

Belisana sp GEMOK
♀2.5mm
2017-07-29 BUKIT GEMOK

 

Belisana sp BOMBALAI

Belisana sp BOMBALAI
FEMALE ♀
2015-09-04 BOMBALAI

 

 

 

 

Family Pholcidae
Genus Physocyclus

 

 

 

 

 

 

Family Pholcidae
Genus Crossopriza

 

 


Crossopriza lyoni FemaleCrossopriza lyoni Female

Crossopriza lyoni
Male
Female 5mm
21-11-2014 EDA

 

 

 

 

 

 

Family Pholcidae
Genus New

 

Belisana sp BOMBALAI

New Genus sp BOMBALAI
Male ♂ 2.5mm
2015-09-05 BOMBALAI

 


Family Mimetidae

 

 

 

Genus Mimetus

 

 

 

Mimetus sp LUCIAMimetus sp LUCIA

Mimetus sp LUCIA
♀3mm
♂3mm
2017-01-23 MT LUCIA


-

Family Ctenizidae
 

 

 

 

 
Ummidia sp BORNEO

Ummidia sp BORNEO
♀9mm
2017-07-16 PHOTO SESSION


-

Family Sparassidae
Huntsman Spiders
Huntsman spiders are known by their speed and mode of hunting. Also are called giant crab spiders because of their size and appearance. Larger species sometimes are referred to as wood spiders, because of their preference for woody places.

 

 

 

Family Sparassidae
Genus Heteropoda

 

 

 

Heteropoda sp BORNEO-2

Heteropoda sp BORNEO-2
♂20mm
2017-07-16 PHOTO SESSION

 

 

 

Heteropoda sp BORNEO

Heteropoda sp BORNEO-1
♂20mm
2017-07-16 PHOTO SESSION

 

 

 

Heteropoda sp TBLHeteropoda sp TBL

Heteropoda sp TBL
Female 7mm 14-7-2015 TBL
♂ Male 10mm 2017-07-16 TBL

 

 

 

Heteropoda sp PAPAR

Heteropoda sp PAPAR

2017-03-11 KAWANG PAPAR

 

 

 

Heteropoda natans

Heteropoda natans
♀38mm
2017-07-07 VIPER TRAIL

 

 

 

Heteropoda lunula

Heteropoda lunula
Female
2015-08-09 MALIAU RIVER

 

 

 

Heteropoda boiei

Heteropoda boiei
Female 8mm
15-7-2015 TBL

 

 

 

Heteropoda tetrica

Heteropoda tetrica
Female
Location : 16-9-2014 SG TAWAU

 

 

 

Heteropoda venatoria
Heteropoda venatoria

Heteropoda venatoria
(Has a white band across the face)
Female 16-12-2009 TEA
Male 16-12-2009 TEA

 

 

 

 

Family Sparassidae
Genus Pandercetes
(Lichen Huntsman)

 

 

 

 

Pandercetes sp BORNEO

Pandercetes sp BORNEO
♂9mm
2017-07-16 PHOTO SESSION

 

 

 

 
Pandercetes sp MALIAU
Pandercetes sp MALIAU
Female 13mm
2015-07-20 MALIAU

 

 

 

 

Family Sparassidae
Genus Rhitymna

 

Rhitymna pinangensisEyes of Rhitymna pinangensis

Rhitymna pinangensis
♀14mm
2017-07-07 Viper Trial

 

 

 

 

Family Sparassidae
Genus NEW GENUS

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sparassidae New Genus

Sparassidae New Genus
1) Greenish when juvenile
2) The eye arrangement not belonging to any known genus.

 

 

 

 

Family Sparassidae
Genus Thelcticopis

 
Thelcticopis sp MALIAU

Thelcticopis sp MALIAU
Female juvenile 4mm
2015-08-16 MALIAU RIVER

 



-

Family Ctenidae
Wandering Spiders with two-clawed legs

 

 

 

Family Ctenidae
Genus Acantheis

 

Acantheis sp NEW

Acantheis sp NEW
11mm
2017-07-06 Tawau Hills Park
First New record for Borneo

 

 

 

 

Family Ctenidae
Genus Ctenus

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ctenus Sarawakensis
Ctenus Sarawakensis
Female 18mm
30-11-2014 ESPLANATE

 


-

Family Pisauridae
Nursery Web Spiders that live near water. Nursery web spiders resemble
wolf spiders (family Lycosidae), but they carry their egg sacs by means of
their jaws and pedipalps (instead of attaching them to their spinnerets).

 

 

 

Family Pisauridae
Genus Dendrolycosa

 

 

 

Dendrolycosa icadiaDendrolycosa icadia
Dendrolycosa icadia
Male ♂ 7mm
5-8-2015 TINAGAT BEACH
Female
♀14mm
2017-04-14 NIAH CAVE, SARAWAK

 

 

 

 

Family Pisauridae
Genus Sphedanus

 

 

 

Sphedanus sp TABLE

Sphedanus sp TABLE
Female Consuming an insect in its mouth
13-7-2015 TAB

 

 

 

 

Family Pisauridae
Genus Hygropoda

 

 

 

 

 

 

Genus Hygropoda NEW SPECIESHygropoda TAWAU Female ♀
Hygropoda sp TAWAU
Male 5.5mm
2009-11-01 Tawau Hill Park
Female ♀ 8mm
2016-02-10 Bukit Gelas Waterfall
 
Hygropoda sp BOMBALAI

Hygropoda sp BOMBALAI
Unnamed species first record in Borneo found in 2014

 

 

 

 

Family Pisauridae
Genus Nilus

 

 

 

Nilus albocinctus

Nilus albocinctus
Female 13mm
14-7-2015 TBL

 


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Family Theraphosidae
Hairy Mygalomorph Spiders, the Tarantulas, sizes range from as small as a fingernail to as large as a dinner plate when the legs are fully extended.

 

 

 

Family Theraphosidae
Genus Phlogiellus

 

 

 

Phlogiellus sp MALIAU

Phlogiellus sp MALIAU
Female ♀8mm not including spinnerate
2015-08-17 MALIAU RIVER

 

 

 

Phlogiellus inermisPhlogiellus inermis
Phlogiellus inermis
MALE 27mm 11-9-2010 GOMANDONG
FEMALE 11mm 13-9-2009 ESPLANADE
 

 

 

Phlogiellus sp RDC
Phlogiellus sp RDC
Female  14 mm
30-5-2013 3:49PM RDC

 


GUIDE TO COMMON SPIDERS IN BORNEO ISLAND (Total 6 pages)
 

The number of spider species of Borneo is getting too large to list into just one page, so this long list is divided into following smaller manageable six parts:

Part 1 : Family : Salticidae - Running Spiders
            (PDF download)

Part 2 : Family Araneidae - Orb Web Spiders
            (PDF download)

Part 3 : Family Thomisidae - Crab Spiders
            (PDF download)

Part 4 : Family Theridiidae - Tangle web spider
            (PDF download)

Part 5 : Family Tetragnathidae - Big-jawed Spiders
            (PDF download)

Part 6 : All other minority spider families - New genus, less encountered species etc.. (PDF download)


-

Family Linyphiidae
Sheet-Web Spiders
Small spiders more than 4,300 described species in 578 genera worldwide. This makes Linyphiidae the second largest family of spiders after the Family Salticidae.

 

 

 

Genus Plectembolus

 
Plectembolus sp KNP

Plectembolus sp KNP
Female
16-12-2009 KNP




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Family Hahniidae
Comb-Tailed Spiders or dwarf sheet spiders are small spiders that build extremely delicate webs in the form of a sheet. The silk is so fine that they are difficult to spot unless they are coated with dew. They greatly favour locations near water or near moss, and are often found in leaf litter and detritus or on the leaves of shrubs and trees.

 

 

 

Genus Alistra

 
Clubiona sp MALIAU

Clubiona sp MALIAU
Alistra sp MALIAU
Female ♀2mm
2015-08-17 MALIAU RIVER

 



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Family Oecobiidae
The legs are unusually evenly placed around the prosoma. Oecobiidae build small, temporary star-shaped webs on or under rocks, or on walls or gravel. They hide near or below such webs and prey largely on ants.

 

 

 

Genus Oecobius

 
Oecobius narvus

Oecobius narvus
Female

2015-09-16 PU ZHAO TEMPLE

 

 


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Family Oxyopidae
Most Lynx Spiders species spend their lives as hunting spiders on plants. Frequent on flowers in ambushing pollinators.

 

 

 

Family Oxyopidae
Genus Hamataliwa

 

 

 

Eyes arrangement  of Hamataliwa sp BOMBALAI

Hamataliwa sp BOMBALAI
Female. Male unknown
2014-06-22 BOMBALAI HILL

 

 

 

Hamataliwa sp DYNAWOOD
Female 5mm
2015-04-12 DYNAWOOD

 

 

 

Hamataliwa incompta

Hamataliwa incompta
Female. Male unknown
2015-07-29 MALIAU RIVER

 

 

 

Hamataliwa sp MEROTAI
Female. Male unknown
2012-12-07 MEROTAI

 
Hamataliwa sp TINAGAT

Hamataliwa sp TINAGAT
Female. Male unknown
6-8-2015 TINAGAT

 

 

 

 

Family Oxyopidae
Genus Oxyopes

 

 

 

Oxyopes sp BOMBALAI
Female 3mm
2009-08-23 BOMBALAI HILL

 

 

 

Oxyopes sp GUDANG EMPAT
Female 10mm
Male 5.5mm

 

 

 

Oxyopes lineatipes
Female
Male
 

 

 

Family: Oxyopidae
Oxyopes sp PAPAYA
Female 9.5mm
Location : SUNGAI TAWAU 21-9-2014
 

 

 

Oxyopes sp PRAWN FARM
Male 6.5mm
2014-06-12 PRAWN FARM

 
Family: Oxyopidae
Oxyopes sp SG TAWAU
Female
2008-10-01 SUNGAI TAWAU

 

 

 

 

Family Oxyopidae
Genus Hamadruas

 
Hamadruas sp MALIAU

Hamadruas sp MALIAU
Female ♀
2015-08-03 MALIAU RIVER

 


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Family Lycosidae
Wolf Spiders are robust and agile hunters with excellent eyesight. They live mostly solitary and hunt alone. Some are opportunistic hunters pouncing upon prey as they find it or even chasing it over short distances.

 

 

 

Family Lycosidae
Genus Hippasa

 

 

 

 

 

 

Family Lycosidae
Genus Pardosa

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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Family  Gnaphosidae
Hunter Spiders with two-clawed legs. Most ground spiders are characterized by having barrel-shaped anterior spinnerets that are one spinneret diameter apart. Exception to ant-mimicking genus Micaria.

 

 

 

Family Gnaphosidae
Genua Micaria

 

 

 

Micaria sp MEROTAI
New Species :
Micaria sp MEROTAI
Male 2.5mm
Location : MEROTAI 12-2-2015
 

 

 

Family Gnaphosidae
NEW GENUS

 

 

 

New Species : EDA sp EDA
Female     Unusual long legs
Location : EDA LOGYARD 18-11-2014

 

 

 

 

Family Gnaphosidae
Genus Hitobia

 

 

 

Hitobia sp ESPLANADE
Female 5.5mm
Location : RIVER ESPLANADE 16-11-2014
 

 

 

Hitobia sp SG TAWAU

Hitobia sp SG TAWAU
Male 4.5MM
Location : SUNGAI TAWAU 16-8-2009

 

 

 

Hitobia sp EDA
Female 3.5mm
Location : EDA LOGYARD 9-7-2014

 


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Family Clubionidae
Sac Spiders Short Legs
The sac spiders' eight eyes are arranged in two rows. Identify by conical anterior spinnerets that touched. They are wandering predators that built silken retreats, or sacs, usually on plant terminals, between leaves, under bark or under rocks. 
 

 

 

 

Family Clubionidae
Genus Pristidia

 

 

 

Malamatidia sp BATU LINTANG

Pristidia longistila
Male
9 January 2012 Batu Lintang, Sarawak
More about The Spiders of Sarawak

 

 

 

 

Family Clubionidae
Genus Nusatidia

 

 

 

 

 

 

Family Clubionidae
Genus NEW GENUS

 
Green sp BUKIT GELAS Female ♀

NEW GENUS sp BUKIT GELAS
Female
2016-02-10 BUKIT GELAS

 

 

 

 

Family Clubionidae
Genus Cheiracanthium

 

 

 

Cheiracanthium sp MEROTAI
Cheiracanthium sp MEROTAI
Female. Male unknown
 
Cheiracanthium sp COMPLEX
Cheiracanthium sp COMPLEX
Female 14mm
TAWAU SPORT COMPLEX 22-8-2014

 

 

 

 

Family Clubionidae
Genus Malamatidia

 
Malamatidia bohorokensis

Malamatidia bohorokensis
Female
2016-02-09 VOCATIONAL COLLEGE

 



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Family Scytodidae
Spitting Spiders catch their prey by spitting a fluid that congeals on contact into a venomous and sticky mass.

 

 

 

Genus Scytodes

 

 

 

Scytodes fuscaScytodes fusca

Scytodes fusca
Female ♀5mm  23-8-2009 ABACA
Male ♂5mm 30-8-2009 ABACA


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Family Hersiliidae
Two-Tailed Spiders or tree trunk spiders have two very prominent spinnerets almost as long as their abdomen. So known as "two-tailed spiders".

 

 

 

Genus Hersilia

 

 

 

Hersilia deelemanae

Hersilia deelemanae
Female 6.5mm
ESPLANATE 23-12-2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hersilia GERGASSI

The Family Hersiliidae are Tree Trunk Spiders. These spiders have two very prominent spinnerets that are almost as long as their abdomen. So sometimes known as "two-tailed spiders."

More Tree Spiders in Family Hersiliidae

 



Borneo Island has a long history of physical connectivity as part of the larger landmass known as the Sundaland (this includes Java, Sumatra and peninsular Malaysia). Then Borne isolate from this landmass 30,000 years ago. This long period allowed time for new species to evolve.

Borneo Island is acknowledged to be among the most well-preserved rainforest in the region.

The great majority of descriptions of spiders from Southeastern Asia were realised before 1900 and as usual in those days consisted of texts written in Latin.

Tamerlan Thorell devoted more than 25 years of his life to describing new spider species from the Malaysian region of all major families during the last part of the 19th century. Specimens studied by him were collected mainly during special discovery expeditions to the mysterious, unexplored regions of the Oriental tropics.

Thorell was a man of great expertise and reputation and laid the foundation for the taxonomy of spiders of Southeastern Asia. Unfortunately, he did not have an illustrator and none of his works were illustrated and the great majority of his species still have not been illustrated till today. On the other hand, nearly all his type material has been very well preserved, predominantly in the museum in Genoa. This museum always has been very conservative in curating the collections. All material studied by Thorell still is in the original bocals. These are often huge, each containing the complete material of one publication, most often consisting of several hundreds of species of many different families together, and accompanied by the original handwritten labels of Thorell. These bocals are sealed with wax, and only very few staff members are authorised to open them. Removing and putting back the glass plates that serve as lid is an elaborate process demanding time and expertise. This system is not helpful to specialists who need to see more than a few specimens of the family they are working on!

Christa L. Deeleman-Reinhold
http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/141976


Further Reference Source : 

Download PDF : GUIDE TO COMMON BORNEO SPIDERS

Spiders of Sungai Maliau
Spiders of Sungai Tawau
Spiders of Sarawak
 


 

SPIDERS OF BORNEO

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