Last Update : Sunday, 28 July, 2019 11:55:38 PM


Borneo Spiders > Part 7 All other minority spider families


GUIDE TO COMMON SPIDERS IN BORNEO ISLAND (Total 7 parts)
The number of spider species of Borneo is getting too large to list into just one page, so this long list is divided into following smaller manageable seven parts:

Part 1 : Family : Salticidae - Jumping Spiders
            (PDF download)

Part 2 : Family Araneidae - Orb Web Spiders
            (PDF download)

Part 3 : Family Thomisidae - Crab Spiders
            (PDF download)

Part 4 : Family Theridiidae - Tangle web spider
            (PDF download)

Part 5 : Family Tetragnathidae - Big-jawed Spiders
            (PDF download)

Part 6 : Family Sparassidae - Huntsman Spiders

Part 7 : All other minority spider families - New genus, less encountered species etc.. (PDF download)


RECENT SPIDER RECORDS IN BORNEO


Miagrammopes paraorientalis擬東方長嫵蛛Neriene macellaNeriene macellaOtacilia sp KNP 奧塔新種於婆羅洲島Heteropoda boiei 巨蟹蛛Ctenus Sarawakensis 砂拉越櫛足蛛Coelotes sinuolatus 細彎隙蛛Singa sp LUCIASinga sp GEMOK
Castoponera sp GEMOKNew Genus sp GEMOKBelisana sp GEMOKPholcus sp GEMOKArachnura BALUNGPhiloponella raffrayiPandercetes sp BORNEOUmmidia sp BORNEO
Anepsion  peltoidesDendrolycosa icadiaMesida sp SHORTPATHPoltys sp GREENISHNeoscona vigilansRhitymna pinangensis
Singa sp NIAH

 


New records of spider species from Borneo Island

Pardosa sp POLUMPUNG 豹蛛新種於婆羅洲島Clubiona sp MRH 管巢蛛新種於婆羅洲島Heteropoda sp RESTHOUSEGnathopalystes sp CANOPY 顎突蛛新種於婆羅洲島Serendib sp SEMARAKBelisana sp BOMBALAIMedmassa insignis (Thorell, 1890)  Sumatra, BorneoAcantheis sp NEWHygropoda TABLE Micaria sp MEROTAICastoponera THP


Family Linyphiidae 皿蛛科
Sheet-Web Spiders


Small spiders more than 4,300 described species in 578 genera worldwide. This makes Linyphiidae the second largest family of spiders after the Family Salticidae.


Family Linyphiidae
Genus Plectembolus

Plectembolus sp KNP

Plectembolus sp KNP
Female
16-12-2009 KNP

 

 

 


Family Linyphiidae
Genus Neriene 蓋蛛屬


Neriene macellaNeriene macella

Family Linyphiidae
Neriene macella 本溪蓋蛛
中國蜘蛛生態大圖鑑 Page 331
Male
♂ 6mm  2018-12-03 Mountain Rest House
Female ♀ 5.5mm 2018-12-03 Mountain Rest House




Family Ctenidae
櫛足蛛科


Wandering Spiders with two-clawed legs

Family Ctenidae
Genus Ctenus

Ctenus SarawakensisCtenus Sarawakensis 砂拉越櫛足蛛
Ctenus Sarawakensis
砂拉越櫛足蛛

中國蜘蛛生態大圖鑑 Page 217 - 220
Female 18mm
30-11-2014 ESPLANATE
♀ 19mm
2018-09-28 TAWAU

Family Ctenidae
Genus Acantheis

Acantheis sp NEW

Acantheis sp NEW
11mm
2017-07-06 Tawau Hills Park
First New record for Borneo


Family Pholcidae

Daddy-Long-Leg Spiders are builders of three-dimensional webs. Commonly known as cellar spiders.
Pholcidae alive photos of Bernhard A. Huber
current totals: 576 species, 65 genera
 


Family Pholcidae
Genus Crossopriza


Crossopriza lyoni FemaleCrossopriza lyoni Female

Crossopriza lyoni
Male
Female 5mm
21-11-2014 EDA

Crossopriza lyoniCrossopriza lyoni
Crossopriza lyoni
(House Daddy-Long-Leg)

Family Pholcidae
Genus Pholcus

Pholcus sp GEMOK Pholcus sp GEMOK
♀3.5mm
2017-07-29 BUKIT GEMOK
 
Pholcus sp TINAGATPholcus sp TINAGATPholcus sp TINAGAT
Pholcus sp TINAGAT
Male 4mm 7-8-2015 TINAGAT
Female 5mm 23-8-2009 ABACA
Female 4mm+- 6-8-2015 TINAGAT
Pholcus sp ABACA
Pholcus sp ABACA
Female 4mm
11-10-2009 ABACA

 

 

Family Pholcidae
Genus Belisana
leaf-dwelling spider

Belisana sp GEMOK

Belisana sp GEMOK
♀2.5mm
2017-07-29 BUKIT GEMOK

Belisana sp BOMBALAI

Belisana sp BOMBALAI
FEMALE ♀
2015-09-04 BOMBALAI

Family Pholcidae
Genus Physocyclus
Physocyclus globosus FemalePhysocyclus globosus Female

Physocyclus globosus Female

 

Family Pholcidae
Genus New

Belisana sp BOMBALAI

New Genus sp BOMBALAI
Male ♂ 2.5mm
2015-09-05 BOMBALAI


Family Dictynidae
捲葉蛛科

Family Dictynidae
Genus Sudesna 蘇蛛屬

Sudesna sp BALUNG 蘇蛛新種於婆羅洲島

Sudesna sp BALUNG
蘇蛛新種於婆羅洲島

Female 2014-06-28 BALUNG RIVER, BORNEO
中國蜘蛛生態大圖鑑 Page 260

 

 


Family Agelenidae

Family Agelenidae
Genus Coelotes

Coelotes sinuolatus 細彎隙蛛

Coelotes sinuolatus
♂ 2015-10-13 TAWAU
中國蜘蛛生態大圖鑑 Page 31

 


 


Family Corinnidae
Sac Spiders Long Legs
Hunter Spiders with two-clawed legs. Members of the genus Castianeira appear to be mimics of ants and velvet ants.

Family Corinnidae
Genus Sphecotypus

Sphecotypus sp LOKKAWISphecotypus sp LOKKAWI
Sphecotypus borneensis
Female 8mm
2009 Lok Ka Wi
14-7-2015 TBL

Family Corinnidae
NEW GENUS
Medmassa insignis (Thorell, 1890)  Sumatra, Borneo
Medmassa insignis (Thorell, 1890) Sumatra, Borneo
Unidentified Male

Family Corinnidae
Subfamily: Castianerinae
Genus Castoponera

 

Family Corinnidae
Genus Medmassa
Medmassa insignis

Medmassa insignis
Female 7mm
2015-08-02 MALIAU RIVER

Family Corinnidae
Genus Castianeira

Castianeira sp BOMBALAI

Castianeira sp BOMBALAI
Male 3mm
15-8-2015 BOMBALAI
Remark : This may look Castianeira, but could be a new Family of web spider.

Castianeira sp ESPLANADE
Castianeira sp ESPLANADE
Male 6mm
12-7-2015 ESPLANADE

Family Corinnidae
Genus Serendib

Serendib sp SEMARAKSerendib sp SEMARAK
Serendib sp SEMARAK

Genus Serendib
a new species found in 2008

Serendib sp SEMARAK
Male
 

Family Corinnidae
Sub-family :  Trachelinae

Utivarachna fukasawana FemaleUtivarachna fukasawana Male

Utivarachna fukasawana
Female 6.5mm
Male 6mm
15-7-2015 TBL
1-11-2009 TBL



Family Pisauridae

Nursery Web Spiders that live near water. Nursery web spiders resemble wolf spiders (family Lycosidae), but they carry their egg sacs by means of their jaws and pedipalps (instead of attaching them to their spinnerets).


Family Pisauridae
Genus Hygropoda

Hygropoda TABLE Hygropoda sp TABLE
23mm
22-5-2011 TABLE
Genus Hygropoda NEW SPECIES
Hygropoda TAWAU Female ♀
Hygropoda sp TAWAU
Male 5.5mm
2009-11-01 Tawau Hill Park
Female ♀ 8mm
2016-02-10 Bukit Gelas Waterfall
Hygropoda sp BOMBALAI Hygropoda sp BOMBALAI
Unnamed species first record in Borneo found in 2014
♀6mm
22-06-2014 BOMBALAI

Family Pisauridae
Genus Dendrolycosa
Dendrolycosa icadiaDendrolycosa icadia
Dendrolycosa icadia
Male ♂ 7mm
5-8-2015 TINAGAT BEACH
Female
♀14mm
2017-04-14 NIAH CAVE, SARAWAK


Family Pisauridae
Genus Sphedanus
Sphedanus sp TABLE

Sphedanus sp TABLE
Female Consuming an insect in its mouth
13-7-2015 TAB


Family Pisauridae
Genus Nilus
Nilus albocinctus

Nilus albocinctus
Female 13mm
14-7-2015 TBL

 


 



Family Zodariidae
Ant spiders are small to medium-sized eight-eyed ground spiders
found world-wide in tropical to warm temperate regions


Family Zodariidae
Genus Asceua

Asceua sp MALIAU
Asceua sp MALIAU
Female ♀2.5mm
2015-07-27 MALIAU RIVER

 


Family Zodariidae
Genus Mallinella



Family Psechridae
Male spiders all have a Retrolateral Tibial Apophysis on the male pedipalp.


Family Psechridae
Genus  Fecenia

Fecenia sp MATANG
♀12mm
2017-04-09 MATANG WILDLIFE CENTER

 


Family Psechridae
Genus Psechrus
Psechrus borneo Psechrus borneo Female Psechrus borneo
Male 15mm
17-4-2015 Kanowit, Prayer Mountain

Female 9mm
2-6-2015 Ng Tau, Sarawak



Family Nephilidae
The largest spider in Borneo Nephila pilipes came from this family

 

Family Nephilidae
Genus Nephilengys

Nephilengys malabarensis Nephilengys malabarensis

Nephilengys malabarensis

Female 13mm
2015-06-07 NIAH CAVE

Female Juvenile
2009-07-09 PUI YUK SCH

Nephilengys malabarensis
Male ♂ 2.5mm
2015-09-05 BOMBALAI
 

 


Family Nephilidae
Genus Herennia
Herennia multipuncta

Herennia multipuncta
Female ♀
2009-11-09 THP
Male unknown


Family Nephilidae
Genus Nephila
This genus has only one species found in Sabah
Nephila pilipesNephila pilipes

Nephila pilipes
Golden Web Spider
Female

2009-07-19 BUKIT GEMOK
Male ♂ 2013-01-24 TENGKORAK

 


 


Family Mimetidae

Family Mimetidae
Genus Mimetus

Mimetus sp LUCIAMimetus sp LUCIA

Mimetus sp LUCIA
♀3mm
♂3mm
2017-01-23 MT LUCIA

 

 


Family Ctenizidae

Family Ctenizidae
Genus Ummidia

Ummidia sp BORNEO

Ummidia sp BORNEO
♀9mm
2017-07-16 PHOTO SESSION

 


Family Theraphosidae
Hairy Mygalomorph Spiders, the Tarantulas, sizes range from as small as a fingernail to as large as a dinner plate when the legs are fully extended.


Family Theraphosidae
Genus Phlogiellus

Phlogiellus sp MALIAU

Phlogiellus sp MALIAU
Female ♀8mm not including spinnerate
2015-08-17 MALIAU RIVER

Phlogiellus inermisPhlogiellus inermis
Phlogiellus inermis
MALE 27mm 11-9-2010 GOMANDONG
FEMALE 11mm 13-9-2009 ESPLANADE
Phlogiellus sp RDC
Phlogiellus sp RDC
Female  14 mm
30-5-2013 3:49PM RDC

 




Family Oecobiidae
The legs are unusually evenly placed around the prosoma. Oecobiidae build small, temporary star-shaped webs on or under rocks, or on walls or gravel. They hide near or below such webs and prey largely on ants.

Family Oecobiidae
Genus Oecobius
Oecobius narvus

Oecobius narvus
Female

2015-09-16 PU ZHAO TEMPLE

 


Family Oxyopidae
Most Lynx Spiders species spend their lives as hunting spiders on plants. Frequent on flowers in ambushing pollinators.

Family Oxyopidae
Genus Hamataliwa

Eyes arrangement  of Hamataliwa sp BOMBALAI

Hamataliwa sp BOMBALAI
Female. Male unknown
2014-06-22 BOMBALAI HILL

Hamataliwa sp DYNAWOOD
Female 5mm
2015-04-12 DYNAWOOD

Hamataliwa incompta

Hamataliwa incompta
Female. Male unknown
2015-07-29 MALIAU RIVER

Hamataliwa sp MEROTAI
Female. Male unknown
2012-12-07 MEROTAI

Hamataliwa sp TINAGAT

Hamataliwa sp TINAGAT
Female. Male unknown
6-8-2015 TINAGAT


Family Oxyopidae
Genus Oxyopes

Oxyopes sp BOMBALAI
Female 3mm
2009-08-23 BOMBALAI HILL

Oxyopes sp GUDANG EMPAT
Female 10mm
Male 5.5mm

Oxyopes lineatipes
Female
Male
Family: Oxyopidae
Oxyopes sp PAPAYA
Female 9.5mm
Location : SUNGAI TAWAU 21-9-2014

Oxyopes sp PRAWN FARM
Male 6.5mm
2014-06-12 PRAWN FARM

Family: Oxyopidae
Oxyopes sp SG TAWAU
Female
2008-10-01 SUNGAI TAWAU

Family Oxyopidae
Genus Hamadruas

Hamadruas sp MALIAU

Hamadruas sp MALIAU
Female ♀
2015-08-03 MALIAU RIVER

 

 


 


Family Lycosidae
狼蛛科Lycosidae
Wolf Spiders are robust and agile hunters with excellent eyesight. They live mostly solitary and hunt alone. Some are opportunistic hunters pouncing upon prey as they find it or even chasing it over short distances.

Family Lycosidae 狼蛛科
Genus Pardosa 豹蛛屬


Pardosa sp MEROTAI XLPardosa sp MEROTAI XL Pardosa sp MEROTAI XL
New recorded species in 2014
豹蛛新種於婆羅洲島
Slow moving wolf spiders
中國蜘蛛生態大圖鑑 Page 345 - 451
 
Pardosa sp POLUMPUNG 豹蛛新種於婆羅洲島 Pardosa sp POLUMPUNG
豹蛛新種於婆羅洲島

♀10mm 2018-11-28 Polumpung Melangkap View Camp Site
中國蜘蛛生態大圖鑑 Page 345 - 451
Pardosa sp SEMARAK
豹蛛新種於婆羅洲島
Female ♀5mm
2018-08-14 SEMARAK

中國蜘蛛生態大圖鑑 Page 396


Family Lycosidae
Genus Hippasa

Hippasa holmerae




Family Hersiliidae
Two-Tailed Spiders or tree trunk spiders have two very prominent spinnerets almost as long as their abdomen. So known as "two-tailed spiders".

Genus Hersilia


Hersilia deelemanae

Hersilia deelemanae
Female 6.5mm
ESPLANATE 23-12-2014

Hersilia deelemanae
Common Two-Tailed Spider (Hersilia sp. GEMOK)
 
Hersilia GERGASSI

The Family Hersiliidae are Tree Trunk Spiders. These spiders have two very prominent spinnerets that are almost as long as their abdomen. So sometimes known as "two-tailed spiders."

More Tree Spiders in Family Hersiliidae


 

 


Family Uloboridae
嫵蛛科
Spiders with cribellum and calamistrum. Uloboridae is non-venomous spiders, known as cribellate orb weavers or hackled orb weavers.

Family Uloboridae嫵蛛科
Genus Miagrammopes 長嫵蛛屬

Miagrammopes paraorientalis擬東方長嫵蛛

Miagrammopes paraorientalis
擬東方長嫵蛛
Female ♀5mm 2018-12-03 PORING LODGE
中國蜘蛛生態大圖鑑 Page 897

 


Family Uloboridae
Genus Philoponella

Philoponella raffrayiPhiloponella raffrayi

Philoponella raffrayi
♀6mm 2017-05-31 UMS
♂3mm 2017-05-31 UMS
New record for Borneo

Philoponella sp BUKIT GEMOK

Philoponella sp BUKIT GEMOK
Female
2009-07-06 BUKIT GEMOK

Philoponella quadrituberculataPhiloponella quadrituberculata Philoponella quadrituberculata
Female 2mm 14-8-2015 BOMBALAI
Male 2mm- 2009-07-09 PUI YUK

 


Family Uloboridae
Genus Zosis

Zosis geniculatus
Zosis geniculata/Zosis geniculatus
22-11-2014 WOODWORKING

 

 


Family  Gnaphosidae
Hunter Spiders with two-clawed legs. Most ground spiders are characterized by having barrel-shaped anterior spinnerets that are one spinneret diameter apart. Exception to ant-mimicking genus Micaria.


Family Gnaphosidae
Genua Micaria

Micaria sp MEROTAI
New Species :
Micaria sp MEROTAI
Male 2.5mm
Location : MEROTAI 12-2-2015

 


Family Gnaphosidae
NEW GENUS
New Species : EDA sp EDA
Female     Unusual long legs
Location : EDA LOGYARD 18-11-2014


Family Gnaphosidae
Genus Hitobia

Hitobia sp ESPLANADE
Female 5.5mm
Location : RIVER ESPLANADE 16-11-2014
Hitobia sp SG TAWAU

Hitobia sp SG TAWAU
Male 4.5MM
Location : SUNGAI TAWAU 16-8-2009

Hitobia sp EDA
Female 3.5mm
Location : EDA LOGYARD 9-7-2014



Family Scytodidae
Spitting Spiders catch their prey by spitting a fluid that congeals on contact into a venomous and sticky mass.

 

Genus Scytodes

Scytodes fuscaScytodes fusca

Scytodes fusca
Female ♀5mm  23-8-2009 ABACA
Male
♂5mm 30-8-2009 ABACA

 



Family Clubionidae管巢蛛科
Sac Spiders Short Legs
The sac spiders' eight eyes are arranged in two rows. Identify by conical anterior spinnerets that touched. They are wandering predators that built silken retreats, or sacs, usually on plant terminals, between leaves, under bark or under rocks. 


Family Clubionidae管巢蛛科
Genus Clubiona 管巢蛛屬



Family Clubionidae管巢蛛科
Genus Malamatidia


Malamatidia bohorokensis

Malamatidia bohorokensis
Female
2016-02-09 VOCATIONAL COLLEGE



Family Clubionidae
Genus Cheiracanthium


Cheiracanthium sp MEROTAI
Cheiracanthium sp MEROTAI
Female. Male unknown
Cheiracanthium sp COMPLEX
Cheiracanthium sp COMPLEX
Female 14mm
TAWAU SPORT COMPLEX 22-8-2014


Family Clubionidae
Genus Pristidia
Malamatidia sp BATU LINTANG

Pristidia longistila
Male
9 January 2012 Batu Lintang, Sarawak
More about The Spiders of Sarawak


Family Clubionidae
Genus Nusatidia
Nusatidia borneensis  MaleNusatidia borneensis
Nusatidia borneensis  Male and Female


Family Clubionidae
Genus NEW GENUS


Green sp BUKIT GELAS Female ♀

NEW GENUS sp BUKIT GELAS
Female
2016-02-10 BUKIT GELAS




 

Borneo Island has a long history of physical connectivity as part of the larger landmass known as the Sundaland (Java, Sumatra and peninsular Malaysia). Then Borne isolate from this landmass 30,000 years ago. This long period allowed time for new species to evolve.


Borneo Island is acknowledged to be among the most well-preserved rainforest in the region.
The great majority of descriptions of spiders from South-eastern Asia were realised before 1900 and as usual in those days consisted of texts written in Latin.


Tamerlan Thorell devoted more than 25 years of his life to describing new spider species from the Malaysian region of the 19th century. Specimens studied by him were collected mainly during special discovery expeditions to the mysterious, unexplored regions of the Oriental tropics.


Thorell was a man of great expertise and reputation and laid the foundation for the taxonomy of spiders of South-eastern Asia. Unfortunately, he did not have an illustrator and none of his works were illustrated and the great majority of his species still have not been illustrated till today. On the other hand, nearly all his type material has been very well preserved, predominantly in the museum in Genoa. This museum always has been very conservative in curating the collections. All material studied by Thorell still is in the original bocals. These are often huge, each containing the complete material of one publication, most often consisting of several hundreds of species of many different families together, and accompanied by the original handwritten labels of Thorell. These bocals are sealed with wax, and only very few staff members are authorised to open them. Removing and putting back the glass plates that serve as lid is an elaborate process demanding time and expertise. This system is not helpful to specialists who need to see more than a few specimens of the family they are working on!
 

Christa L. Deeleman-Reinhold
www.repository.naturalis.nl

 


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